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Haiti - Humanitarian Response Plan 2017–2018

FAO in the 2018 humanitarian appeals










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    Booklet
    Haiti | Emergency Response Plan (March–May 2019)
    Improving the livelihoods of drought-affected people
    2019
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    FAO requires USD 8.6 million to assist 330 000 people during the period March–May 2019. Haiti is regularly hit by extreme climatic events that have seriously increased vulnerabilities in the country, particularly in rural areas and among agriculture-based livelihood communities. Almost every year since 2014, Haiti has been affected by episodes of drought and erratic distribution of rainfall. Compounding the humanitarian situation were the devastating effects of Hurricanes Matthew (October 2016) and Irma (September 2017). Hurricane Matthew – the strongest since Felix in 2007 – had catastrophic impacts on the food security and livelihoods of different communities. In 2018, severe drought resulted in a significant decline in agricultural production and households’ income. The high probability of an El Niño phenomenon in 2019 will likely increase the persistence of drought in parts of the country in the coming months. Moreover, an economic crisis triggered by a depreciation of the Haitian gourde has caused a significant reduction in households’ purchasing power, directly affecting their food security.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Haiti | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    During the past ten years, Haiti has been hit by multiple earthquakes and hurricanes, as well as a series of droughts linked to the El Niño phenomenon, irregular distribution of rainfall and floods while still facing cholera, diphtheria, malaria, a migration crisis and recurrent protection issues. These factors have caused widespread damage to crop, livestock and fish production, and to rural infrastructure, severely affecting the livelihoods of vulnerable households. Political instability, sharp inflation, the depreciation of the national currency and underlying poverty have also fuelled socio-political unrest over the last few years. Following confirmation of the first COVID-19 case on 19 March 2020, the Government declared a state of emergency, which has been prolonged until July 2020, and adopted essential containment measures to prevent the spread of the virus, including the closure of factories, schools, airports and ports, banning of meetings of more than ten people, night curfew, prohibition of informal street selling and reduced opening hours of public markets. The pandemic has further exacerbated the situation in an already fragile context, mainly causing: reduced availability of and access to food products, particularly due to the closure of the border with the Dominican Republic; increased food prices, including for staple foods such as beans, rice, sugar and vegetable oil; the slowdown/closure of economic activities; and market disruptions. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has therefore revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable populations.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Haiti | 2021–2022 Humanitarian Response Plan 2021
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    Civil unrest and economic instability in Haiti combined with recurring shocks linked to natural disasters (droughts, earthquakes, floods and hurricanes) and the effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have led to increased food insecurity and other humanitarian needs throughout the country. Livelihoods are rural populations’ best defense against hunger and malnutrition. Protecting them means enabling crisis-affected populations to quickly start producing their own food and generating income.

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