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Progress on water use efficiency - Global baseline for SDG 6 Indicator 6.4.1










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    Book (series)
    Change in water-use efficiency over time (SDG indicator 6.4.1)
    Analysis and interpretation of preliminary results in key regions and countries
    2019
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    The purpose of this document is to provide suggestions for the interpretation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicator 6.4.1. In particular, it focuses on the concept of economic decoupling from water-use, and its application in policy making. The evolution in water-use and water-use efficiency in four selected regions: Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, is discussed. Particular attention is given to the evolution in water-use, water-use efficiency and related drivers in two groups of countries, including major developed economies and newly industrialized countries, and in different economic sectors. The relation of water-use efficiency with economic growth and access to safe drinking water is analyzed and discussed in the context of the literature on the Environmental Kuznets Curve applied to water resources. A country-based example is presented to illustrate some aspects of these issues and a few concluding remarks are provided.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Progress on change in water-use efficiency
    Global status and acceleration needs for SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2021
    2021
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    The global indicator on water-use efficiency tracks to what extent a country’s economic growth is dependent on the use of water resources, and enables policy and decision-makers to target interventions at sectors with high water use and low levels of improved efficiency over time. This indicator addresses the economic component of target 6.4. In this report, you can learn more about the global and country progress on water-use efficiency. More information and methodological guidance can be found at: www.fao.org/sustainable-development-goals/ indicators/641 This report is part of a series that tracks progress towards the various targets set out in SDG 6 using the SDG global indicators. To learn more about water and sanitation in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6, visit our website: www.sdg6monitoring.org
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    Progress on level of water stress - Global baseline for SDG 6 Indicator 6.4.2 2018
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    Access to safe water and sanitation and sound management of freshwater ecosystems are at the core of sustainable development. This is the aim of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), which includes approaches to water management such as environmental flow requirements, international cooperation, capacity building and stakeholder participation. Indicator 6.4.2 is useful for policymaking as it highlights those regions under high water stress, thereby informing countries on where they need to make efforts to improve water resource usage and promote water saving. Agriculture is by far the largest user of water worldwide, so reducing water use in this sector is particularly important. Agricultural water-savings can take many forms, including more sustainable and efficient food production through sustainable water management practices and technologies, and reducing freshwater withdrawals by growing a smaller amount of water-intensive crops in water-scarce regions. Reducing losses in municipal distribution networks, industrial and energy cooling processes is also important for reducing water stress, as well as using treated wastewater and desalinated water. This report describes the methodology for the assessment of SDG indicator 6.4.2 on the level of water stress, illustrating its development in the pilot phase of the GEMI project, and describing the technical steps needed to apply it. It passes to present the data collection process, and the role of the various national and international stakeholders in the monitoring process. Finally, the report shows the results of the first implementation of the indicator, defining its baseline and proposing key messages for the interpretation of the results.

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