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Rural migration in Tunisia

Drivers and patterns of rural youth migration and its impact on food security and rural livelihoods in Tunisia











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    Poster, banner
    Addressing Rural Youth Distress Migration 2016
    Migration out of rural areas is a complex issue, especially when caused by distress and lack of alternatives. The decision to migrate depends on a number of variables, including poverty, food insecurity, lack of employment opportunities, conflicts, natural disasters, poverty employment opportunities, and as well as household and individual characteristics. The impact of rural out-migration on the areas of origin can be positive or negative, or a combination of both: migrants and returnees can co ntribute investments, remittances and skills for rural development, but distress migration can also result in the loss of the most vital and dynamic part of the workforce, with negative consequences on agricultural productivity. For this reason, policies and actions addressing distress migration need to both target its root causes and minimize negative consequences, while at the same time enhance the positive contribution of migration to rural areas. This infographic provides an overview of th e root causes of economic distress migration of rural youth, in the context of labour migration, and describes how out-migration and remittances, if well managed, can contribute to rural development, poverty reduction and food security. For more information, please visit the webpage of the project Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty reduction”
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Drivers and impact of rural outmigration in Tunisia
    Key findings from the research "Rural Migration in Tunisia" (RuMiT)
    2018
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    This brief summarizes the findings of the research report "Drivers and patterns of rural youth migration and its impact on food security and rural livelihoods in Tunisia", developed in the framework of the "Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty" (RYM) project. It provides an overview of the drivers, patterns and impacts of rural out-migration of youth in Tunisia.
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    Booklet
    Promoting alternatives to migration for rural youth in Tunisia and Ethiopia
    Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty reduction (RYM) project
    2018
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    Each year, rural areas lose a promising share of their workforce, as youth leave their homes and migrate to cities or move abroad in search of a better future. The distress induced by poverty, food insecurity and a lack of employment opportunities push many youth around the world to search for jobs elsewhere. By addressing the links between distress migration and rural development, FAO is making a difference in Tunisia and Ethiopia. With funding from the Italian Development Cooperation, the Rural Youth Mobility Project (RYM) was launched in 2015 to provide unemployed youth in migration-prone areas the two countries with the necessary training and equipment to start their rural enterprises. The aim is to promote innovative pathways for youth employment and entrepreneurship in rural areas. This publication describes the impact of the Project on rural communities in Tunisia and Ethiopia, through the testimonies of the young beneficiaries.

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