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Ten years of FAO experience on ending child labour in agriculture in Africa

A compendium of practices from Malawi, Mali, the Niger, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda









FAO. 2022. Ten years of FAO experience on ending child labour in agriculture in Africa – A compendium of practices from Malawi, Mali, the Niger, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda. Rome. 




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    Poverty reduction and food security are intrinsically linked. Both depend on sustainable food systems and safe and sustainable agricultural practices. Similarly, poverty reduction and sustainable food systems can only be realized if those producing food, for their own consumption and for local and global supply chains, have decent working conditions and stable livelihoods. Hence, it is essential that young people above the minimum age for employment are protected, offered relevant technical and vocational training, and able to work in safe, non-exploitative agricultural work. Working towards a successful school-to-work transition for the 15-17 years age cohort goes hand in hand with the wider goal of turning agricultural work into productive, decent and therefore desirable employment. Ensuring that well-educated young people are ready to work in agriculture is a key element of food security and sustainable agri-food systems in the future. This paper explores the complex links between child labour, access to education and training, and youth employment in the context of sustainable agri-food systems, poverty reduction and food security, with a particular focus on 15- to 17-year-old youth in rural areas.
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    Accelerating action to help to end child labour in agriculture in Asia
    Regional Workshop on Ending Child Labour in Agriculture, 28 September 2021: Regional report
    2021
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    The policy paper includes a description of the child labour context and importance of the problem in Asia. It analyses a wide body of data and characteristics of child labour in agriculture in Asia. This paper seeks to analyse challenges in the region with a focus on the issue of child labour in agriculture and the underlying causes in which agricultural stakeholders can make a difference: rural poverty, social protection in rural areas, safe agricultural practices, labour-saving practices, gender equality, access to education in rural areas, food security. The paper highlights the relationship between child labour in agriculture with rural poverty and food insecurity in Asia. It encompasses specific challenges of the region that have an impact on child labour and rural livelihoods are Covid-19 pandemic, natural disasters, climate change, protracted crisis, massive displacement of populations, armed conflicts, etc. This paper pinpoints examples of regional challenges with a focus on Fisheries and Aquaculture sub-sector and on crop farming (rice ). The paper provides a comprehensive summary and analysis of regional and national child labour policies/roadmaps/initiatives such as ASEAN roadmap on the elimination of the worst forms of child labour and the case of Vietnam as Pathfinder country for Alliance 8.7. It looks into examples of good practices of countries that are making progress, in particular Cambodia, Pakistan and Philippines. This paper includes a set of recommendations and suggested policies to support the prevention of child labour in agriculture in Asia.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Unlocking women’s capacity to become agents of change in the fight to reduce child labour in agriculture in Pakistan
    FAO’s approach under the CLEAR Cotton project
    2022
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    The CLEAR Cotton project: Eliminating child labour and forced labour in the cotton, textile and garment value chains (2018-2023) is co-funded by the European Union and the International Labor Organization (ILO) ). It is implemented by the ILO and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in partnership with the government, employers' and workers' organizations, the private sector, cooperatives, and civil society organizations. This fact sheet presents the areas of intervention implemented as part of the project by FAO in Pakistan as well as their approaches and results with a focus on the lessons learned from empowering women with knowledge, skills and means to start their own businesses. It also presents an overview of the results of ILO-supported interventions as well as lessons learned from the project as a whole.

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