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The green pathway to growth and sustainability: Sustainable management of rubber plantations

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022










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    Natural rubber contributions to adaptation to climate change
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The purpose of this paper is to present research results relative to impacts of Climate Change on natural rubber production, potential means of adaptation and contribution of rubber to livelihoods resilience to climate change following a recent workshop organized by IRSG in collaboration with 2 CIFOR/FTA, IRRDB and CIRAD. Climate change already impacts rubber production. In some regions longer dry seasons and more variable precipitations threaten the survival of young plants. Rubber has never been planted in areas with an average temperature higher than 28°C; as latex flow after tapping depends on temperature, higher temperatures may have a severe impact on production. Abnormal rains can also disrupt tapping. These modifications will drive a shift of climatically favourable areas. Most pests and diseases affecting rubber are strongly influenced by climate conditions. Climate change is thus likely to modify their distribution and impacts. Without adaptation natural rubber production is projected to decline, in a context of otherwise increasing rubber demand. Three types of adaptation measures can be mobilized: management, breeding, and medium-term planning of plantation renewals and expansion in marginal areas. Management measures include partially shading young plants, mulching them, partial irrigation and life-saving irrigation to address increased risks of drought as well as adopting measures that reduce runoff. Systematic use of rain guards can address impacts of heavy rains on tapping. Better monitoring, prevention and early intervention can reduce damage by pests and diseases. Genomic assisted selection and collection of wild germplasm can support breeding progress towards high yielding, climate resilient and disease resistant clones. Such measures need to be supported by policies promoting the renewal of plantations and changes of practice. As shown by Sri Lanka the NationalAdaptation Plan (NAP) can offer opportunities to develop an integrated approach to adaptation of rubber to climate change and to contribute to the adaptation of smallholders. Keywords: Climate Change, Policies, Economic Development, Knowledge Management, Value Chain. ID: 3476528
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    Sustainable development of rubber plantations: challenges and opportunities
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Plantations of all major tropical commodities are expanding quickly, creating opportunities for development and raising concerns about their impacts on the environment, landscapes and livelihoods. Natural rubber is a particularly interesting example with respect to sustainability objectives given it being a strategic commodity to support transportation and new forms of mobility. Furthermore, its world production originates at 90% from millions of smallholders. It is therefore key to the sustainable development of commodity producing countries and the commodity value chains. Global rubber demand has risen rapidly during the last decade, driven by economic development, especially in China. This expansion is expected to continue (albeit at a decelerating rate) and it will continue to be driven by the automotive industry and by the growing importance of natural rubber in the health sector. Various authors have raised concerns on rubber cultivation and expansion and its impact on livelihoods and ecosystems. The purpose of this paper, a collaboration between The Forests, Trees and Agroforestry research program of the CGIAR (FTA) and the International Rubber Study Group (IRSG), is to consider rubber production in relation to its sustainability and challenges in order to identify how it can best contribute to sustainable development in a context of climate change. We first identify some main “sustainability hotspots” that are where the challenges and opportunities are the greatest. We then consider how they can be addressed and propose a way forward to address them in a holistic way. Keywords: natural rubber, sustainable development, climate change, bioeconomy. ID: 3477212
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    Sustainable forest sustainable future: Sowing passion and raising awareness of future generations
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Bearing tagline Sustainable Forest Sustainable Future, the Malaysian Timber Certification Council (MTCC) recognises the importance and role of younger generations, deeply convinced that the future of sustainability lies in the hands of the future generations.
    In this context, MTCC has intentionally collaborated/participated in a number of activities to sow seed of sustainability among the younger generations, among others as follows: (i) participated in the annual Kuala Lumpur Engineering Science Fair (KLESF) to engage primary and secondary school children to inspire them to love and care for our valuable natural resource; (ii) presented education talks for architecture students at local universities - to raise awareness of the students on the importance of sustainable forest management and how they could contribute towards this cause in the future through specifying the use of PEFC/MTCS-certified timber in their building designs; (iii) collaborated with local universities to present MTCC academic awards to deserving graduating students in forestry related fields - to motivate and inspire these students to strive for excellence in their education as well as engage them to care for the forests and their sustainability; and (iv) organised MTCC Photography Contest- to raise public awareness on the beauty and benefits of Malaysia’s tropical forests while promoting the importance of valuing the nature and managing the green wonders through timber certification to benefit future generations.
    The poster showcases the various activities conducted by MTCC towards this important endeavour. Keywords: Sustainable forest management, Youth and young generation, Education ID: 3486748

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