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Good practices for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation for rain-fed and upland agro-ecological zones, Philippines

Final report










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    Book (stand-alone)
    Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Agriculture
    A case study from Bicol Region, Philippines
    2013
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    The Philippines is one of the most disaster-prone countries worldwide. Bicol Region is regularly exposed to a variety of natural hazards including tropical storms, typhoons, droughts, drought spells, flash floods, floods, landslides and volcano eruptions, causing frequent destruction, damage and losses. Agriculture is among the most vulnerable sectors to extreme weather events and changing climate. People depending on agriculture are regularly facing the challenge to prot ect and maintain their livelihoods. This Disaster Risk Reduction project in Bicol Region aimed at (i) strengthening the institutional and technical capacities, risks related services’ provision and coordination in agriculture to better prepare for and manage climate-related risks, and (ii) enhancing the risk reduction capacities and livelihood resilience of farmers and fisher folks, who are highly vulnerable to risks and extreme climatic events. The project was designed in accordance with FAO’s Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme which builds on and supports the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015 from the perspective of agriculture and food and nutrition security. This technical summary report presents results and lessons from the project.
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    AMICAF-Caraga 2013 Final Report October 2012 - December 2013 2013
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    Caraga region is one of the many areas in the Philippines that are highly vulnerable to the adverse effects brought about by Climate Change because it is located along the Pacific seaboard. No wonder that Caraga Region is one of the most impoverished regions in the country. Hence, it ranked 4th among regions with high poverty incidence of families in 1997 and 2000. In Mindanao, Caraga has the 3rd highest poverty incidence. Malnutrition rates were also high at 49.25%, of which 34.05% were classif ied as mildly underweight, 11.66% as moderately underweight, 1.43% as severely underweight and 3.60% as overweight. Much like Bicol region, there are provinces in Caraga that are often visited by typhoons, droughts, flooding and saline intrusion. With these, the Department of Agriculture (DA) has requested the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to include Caraga in its Climate Change Adaptation Project that was implemented in Bicol. Thus, the Assessments of Climate Change Impacts and Mappin g of Vulnerability to Food Insecurity under Climate Change to Strengthen Household Food Security with Livelihoods’ Adaptation Approaches (AMICAF): STEP 3 Project was established in Surigao del Norte. Preliminary activities were done in October 2012, through a joint collaboration of AMICAF, DA-Caraga, PhilRiceAgusan and the LGUs in the selected project sites.The target sites were based on the three major agroecosystems with abiotic-related problems: saline-prone, drought-prone and submergence or flood-prone. The saline-prone and drought-prone sites were located in the three adjacent municipalities of Bacuag, Gigaquit, and Claver. The flood-prone site was located in the municipality of Mainit, which is right beside Mainit Lake, the largest lake in Caraga region.
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    Soil property and fertility improvement through composting using Trichoderma, Philippines 2013
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    This good practice option was tested in the project “Enhanced Climate Change Adaptation Capacity of Communities in Contiguous Fragile Ecosystems in the Cordilleras (2009 – 2011). Through the active participation and involvement of local stakeholders and end-users in both training and field demonstration activities, the project identified rapid composting using Trichoderma as a location-specific and appropriate option for climate change adaptation in selected representative sites for low, middle and high elevation in Benguet and Ifugao.

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