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Policy Brief: Developing shock responsive social protection systems to mitigate the impact of COVID-19, facilitate speedy recovery and strengthen the resilience of vulnerable people in ASEAN











FAO, UNICEF, WFP, GRC, ASEAN and ECHO. 2021. Policy Brief: Developing shock responsive social protection systems to mitigate the impact of COVID-19, facilitate speedy recovery and strengthen the resilience of vulnerable people in ASEAN. Bangkok. 

 



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    Public employment programmes in the time of COVID-19 2020
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    COVID-19 has quickly morphed from an unprecedented health crisis to a massive economic shock—and, unless immediate and decisive action is taken to sustain consumption levels and prevent disruptions to food supply chains, it could easily lead into a global food crisis. Public employment programmes (PEP) - which refer to a wide array of interventions including public works, cash for work, and temporary or emergency employment programmes - have a long track record of deployment in response to cyclical shocks, seasonal deprivation, and severe macro-economic crisis involving sharp income loss and large under- and unemployment. PEPs, in fact, have a key role to play not only in the short term, by mitigating the impact of the public health emergency and its economic fallout, but also in the medium and longer term, by helping rural households and economies weather the effects of the looming economic recession and recover in the post-pandemic. Well designed, PEPs can help boost both the public health, social protection and macroeconomic responses to the crisis. This brief aims to shed light on the important role of PEPs as a social protection instrument for reducing poverty and effectively responding to and recovering from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.
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    Presentation
    Adopting anticipatory action and shock-responsive social protection to strengthen disaster preparedness and resilience: Learning from the ASEAN region
    Webinar – 4 April 2022: Key takeaway messages
    2022
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    This webinar, the fifth webinar of a series on Anticipatory Action, was called “Adopting Anticipatory Action and shock-responsive social protection to strengthen disaster preparedness and resilience: Learning from the ASEAN region”. It was co-organised with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Secretariat, in close collaboration with the Asia-Pacific Regional technical working group on Anticipatory Action and support from the European Union, by the Knowledge Sharing Platform on Resilience, within the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ (FAO's) Office of Emergencies and Resilience. Since May 2019, the FAO-led consortium of United Nations (UN) agencies (World Food Programme, United Nations Children's Fund, UN Women), Red Cross Red Crescent Movement (German Red Cross and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) (Save the Children International, People in Need, and Dan Church Aid) have been implementing the Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (DG ECHO)-funded project: Scaling up Anticipatory Action and Shock Responsive Social Protection (SRSP) with innovative use of climate risk information for disaster resilience in ASEAN. The ambition of this project was to introduce new and innovative approaches in the implementation of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response and its work programme. Since its inception, the project has been implementing the ASEAN Guidelines on Disaster Responsive Social Protection to support country roadmaps to incorporate it alongside Anticipatory Action. Specific target countries included: Cambodia, Myanmar, the Philippines and Viet Nam. In mid-October 2021, the project commissioned an independent external evaluation to assess the: (i) relevance of ECHO-supported interventions since 2017; (ii) efficiency and effectiveness of implementation encompassing partnerships, operational arrangements and resource utilization; (iii) achievement of results and impacts on capacity development of ASEAN member states, particularly project target countries and ASEAN; and (iv) cross-cutting issues including inclusivity and resilience. The participatory review process involved all relevant stakeholders: beneficiaries, government officials, ASEAN sector bodies, implementing UN agencies, NGO partners and others. Against this background, the webinar specifically aimed to: • present the key findings on the progress of advancing Anticipatory Action and SRSP in ASEAN (and beyond) through an institutionalized approach; • illustrate project results and lessons learned relevant to the adoption, institutionalization and sustainable financing of Anticipatory Action and SRSP, including meaningful evidence of the project’s COVID-19 cash transfer impacts on beneficiaries; and • discuss recommendations for further scaling up and sustaining the proven approaches.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Haiti | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    During the past ten years, Haiti has been hit by multiple earthquakes and hurricanes, as well as a series of droughts linked to the El Niño phenomenon, irregular distribution of rainfall and floods while still facing cholera, diphtheria, malaria, a migration crisis and recurrent protection issues. These factors have caused widespread damage to crop, livestock and fish production, and to rural infrastructure, severely affecting the livelihoods of vulnerable households. Political instability, sharp inflation, the depreciation of the national currency and underlying poverty have also fuelled socio-political unrest over the last few years. Following confirmation of the first COVID-19 case on 19 March 2020, the Government declared a state of emergency, which has been prolonged until July 2020, and adopted essential containment measures to prevent the spread of the virus, including the closure of factories, schools, airports and ports, banning of meetings of more than ten people, night curfew, prohibition of informal street selling and reduced opening hours of public markets. The pandemic has further exacerbated the situation in an already fragile context, mainly causing: reduced availability of and access to food products, particularly due to the closure of the border with the Dominican Republic; increased food prices, including for staple foods such as beans, rice, sugar and vegetable oil; the slowdown/closure of economic activities; and market disruptions. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has therefore revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable populations.

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