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Establishing a National Forest Monitoring System to Enhance Transparency and Build REDD+ Readiness in Cambodia - UNFA/CMB/041/UND









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    Article
    Assessment of REDD+ MRV capacity in developing countries and implications under the Paris regime
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) recognized the importance of forests in combating climate change and agreed financial support for REDD+ activities in developing countries through the Warsaw REDD+ Framework (WRF). The REDD+ activities for conserving carbon stored in forests to reduce GHG emissions and to enhance the carbon sink function of forests are expected to serve as an important means of achieving the climatic goal. In this study, a set of criteria was devised to assess REDD+ Measuring, Reporting and Verifying (MRV) implementation capabilities of developing countries, which was applied to analyze REDD+ MRV levels in REDD+ countries. Based on Forest Reference Emission Level/ Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL), National Strategy (NS), National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) and Safeguard Information Summary (SIS) the countries have submitted, 36 REDD+ countries have submitted FREL/FRL only (Group I), while five countries fulfilled WRF requirements and registered REDD+ reduction results (Group II), and six received Result-based Payments (RBP) (Group III). From the highest to the lowest, overall MRV capability was also arranged in the order of Group III, II, and I, albeit Group I or Group II is at a higher level than the other groups in some elements. REDD+ countries in the Readiness Phase (Group I) would aim to have MRV capabilities of Groups II and III to receive RBP, and international support for REDD+ MRV capacity building can enable them to do. However, in addition to the receipt of RBP, REDD+ should be reflected in the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as consistent reduction results at the national GHG inventory level, and the advancement of REDD+ MRV is expected to be the necessary and sufficient condition for REDD+ cooperation under the Paris Agreement cooperative approach framework. For the following groups, international cooperation is essential: countries in the Readiness Phase need to be supported with the establishment of a MRV framework, which will enable them to achieve REDD+ to receive RBP and be reflected in NDCs; for REDD+ countries that have thus far met WRF requirements, the REDD+ scope needs to be upscaled to national levels and the MRV system should be further advanced to establish a cooperative approach system that can achieve more ambitious reduction targets through forests. Keywords: Warsaw REDD+ Framework, MRV; deforestation; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; Nature based solution ID: 3623893
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Strengthening National Forest Monitoring Systems for REDD+ 2018
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been providing support to member countries on national forest monitoring for decades. Best practices and lessons learned from this support are summarized in FAO´s Voluntary guidelines on national forest monitoring (VGNFM). The guidelines provide principles, elements and best practices for the establishment and implementation of a multipurpose National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS). The aim of this paper is to strengthen the elements and guidelines provided in the VGNFM in the context of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). It also includes a deeper analysis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change decisions and the most recent methodological recommendations provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, focusing on the three pillars of an NFMS for REDD+: a Satellite Land Monitoring System, a National Forest Inventory, and REDD+ reporting, including the combination of remote-sensing and ground-based forest inventory to estimate anthropogenic forest related Greenhouse Gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks.
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    Project
    Establishing the Requisite Monitoring, Reporting and Verification Functions for REDD+ Readiness in Sudan - UTF/SUD/079/SUD 2021
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    Under the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (REDD+) mechanism, mitigation actions in the forestry sector are encouraged through the adoption of measures and the implementation of activities that take into consideration national capacities and contexts. Countries aiming to undertake REDD+ activities are required to develop ( i ) a national strategy or action plan, (ii) national Forest Reference Levels (FRLs), (iii) a National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) that meets REDD+ measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) requirements, and (iv) a system for providing information on safeguards. Through its Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, World Bank established the REDD+ Readiness Fund, which offers countries an opportunity to access relevant funding opportunities. Importantly, Sudan’s REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal was formulated in 2012 2013 and approved in 2014. Prior to this project, however, a functional NFMS still needed to be developed for Sudan to achieve the status of REDD+ readiness and enter Phase II of REDD+ implementation. The project was therefore designed to support the Government of Sudan in generating the data and developing the capacities required to monitor, report and verify REDD+ activities.

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