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Proceedings of the Third regional consultation on geographical indications in Europe and Central Asia









FAO & oriGIn. 2023. Proceedings of the Third regional consultation on geographical indications in Europe and Central Asia. Budapest, FAO. 




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    Book (stand-alone)
    Geographical indication schemes in Croatia, Hungary and Poland
    Synthesis report
    2018
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    Geographical indication (GI) schemes can play a special role in promoting sustainable rural development, improving farm income and opening new export potential. Natural factors such as soil, climate and plant varieties play a major role in producing a unique product. Usually, GIs comprise knowledge and skills passed on from generation to generation, helping to protect local heritage. General rules concerning geographical indications (for food products) are the same in all European Union countries. In light of this, the aim of the report is not to focus on the solutions of the community; rather, the report attempts to answer the question of how and for what purpose European quality policy tools are used in these countries. The report covers lessons learned from GI-system implementation and from the perspective for this sector, including the role of GIs in agriculture and rural development policy. The report also contains recommendations for the future. This report was prepared from three comprehensive reports on the implementation of food quality policies in Croatia, Hungary and Poland. It highlights issues that were (or still are) key points in creating an effective system for protecting geographical indications and promoting quality food in these countries. As such, it can be treated as a benchmark for countries that intend to prepare, implement or reform their national food quality policies.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Geographical Indications for sustainable food systems
    Preserving and promoting agricultural and food heritage
    2019
    A geographical indication (GI) is a label that applies to products with specific quality, reputation or other characteristics resulting from their geographical origin. These specific characteristics can be the result of natural or human factors. GIs are protected by intellectual property rights (IPR) according to the World Trade Organization agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the Geneva Act. GIs represent a collective asset linked to local heritage and reputation.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Promoting sustainability through the registration of geographical indications
    Guidelines for public authorities to examine applications
    2023
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    A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess characteristics or a reputation that are intrinsic to that origin. GIs can be registered as intellectual property rights (IPR) to ensure their protection. In countries where GIs are recognized under a public framework, public authorities can play an important role in the creation of favourable conditions for GIs to contribute to sustainable development and sustainable food systems. In particular, public authorities in charge of GI rights have an important responsibility when examining applications for protection, and the registration should ensure that GIs can function well. The examination of applications not only serves to verify the legitimacy of the GI as an IPR in terms of the link to the origin, but can also influence the GI system’s effectiveness and sustainability performance, in relation with key factors highlighted in the literature such as the clear definition of the specific quality linked to the geographical origin, the local governance, the appropriate marketing strategy. The objective of these guidelines is to provide guidance to public authorities and experts that examine GI applications. These guidelines provide examples and recommendations related to the procedures for the examination of GI requests. They focus on the two types of criteria for the registration: 1) the legal criteria that determine the admissibility for registration (link to origin) and 2) additional criteria that can be considered to help improve the GI system’s sustainability. Finally, the guidelines offer a list of questions to guide examiners along the examination process.

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