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Decent rural employment in small-scale and semi-industrial fishing sectors in Costa Rica

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    Book (stand-alone)
    Empleo rural decente en el sector de pesca artesanal y de pesca semiindustrial en Costa Rica
    Caso de estudio
    2017
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    El estudio investiga las condiciones de vida y de trabajo en el sector de la pesca artesanal y semiindustrial en Costa Rica con el objetivo de aumentar la información disponible en relación con el trabajo decente en el sector pesquero. Basado en la revisión de la bibliografía disponible y a través de entrevistas con diferentes actores en el sector pesquero, el estudio destaca la pesca en el mar como una ocupación muy peligrosa y caracterizada por largas y difíciles horas de trabajo, y la salud y la seguridad limitada en el trabajo. Los pescadores y trabajadores del sector se enfrentan a acuerdos informales y altos niveles de pobreza y vulnerabilidad. La combinación de estos factores limita, de manera desproporcionada, el acceso de ellos a los regímenes de seguridad social, créditos y subsidios, servicios de capacitación así como el involucramiento en acciones colectivas.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Vigo Dialogue on benefits of decent employment in fisheries and aquaculture
    Working for blue growth: Social responsibility in the fish business – a win-win situation for all. Vigo, Spain, 9 October 2015
    2017
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    As a side event to the First International Fisheries Stakeholder Forum, FAO convened on 9 October 2015, the Vigo Dialogue on the Benefits of promoting decent employment in fisheries and aquaculture. Working for Blue Growth: Social responsibility in the fish business – a win-win situation for all. Stakeholder representatives in fisheries and aquaculture including government administrations, private sector industries, civil society organizations (small-scale fishers, workers’ unions), auditing/certification initiatives and international organizations discussed priority issues and actions on labour conditions in the sector (including capture fisheries, aquaculture, fish processing, distribution, fish trade), however with major emphasis on benefits and incentives of addressing those issues for different stakeholders, e.g. better reputation for companies, more efficiency in production and operation, improved conditions for producers/workers, etc. The meeting recognized that promoting decent working conditions has become a central issue for sustainable business development and agreed that abuses of human rights and labour rights often coincide with illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. Ensuring social responsibility in the seafood industry reduces the risks of poor image and bad reputation for companies and improves labour relations and workers’ commitment to company operations and business. Seafood industry and retailers emphasized their interest in advancing decent working conditions in seafood supply chains through social and labour standards and certifications schemes. Capacity development, institution building, strengthening of fish workers organizations along with investments in training, skills development and occupational safety and health were identified as important entry points to achieve decent working conditions in fish value chains. Governments should widely ratify the ILO Work in fishing convention, 2007 (No.188) - as a matter of high priority – and ensure protection of migrant and foreign workers, who often are lacking legal protection.
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    Booklet
    Plan of action for enhanced safety, decent work and social protection in the fisheries sector of the Bay of Bengal Programme region (BOBSAFE) 2023
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    The marine fisheries sector in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, and Sri Lanka, the member countries of the Bay of Bengal Programme Inter-Governmental Organisation (BOBP-IGO), plays a pivotal role in advancing their economies and providing livelihoods for millions of fishers. However, the sector also grapples with numerous challenges, including occupational safety conditions and insufficient social protection for fishers. To tackle these issues, the BOBP-IGO, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has developed the Plan of action for enhanced safety, decent work and social protection in the fisheries sector of the Bay of Bengal Programme region (BOBSAFE). This plan addresses the safety of vessels and equipment, underscoring the importance of standard designs and construction plans for fishing vessels. It advocates for vessel registration and licensing; inspection of vessel yards to ensure adherence to safety standards; adoption of international codes and guidelines for fishing vessel safety; provision of decent working conditions and social protection to fishers; formalizing labour contracts; and enhancing search and rescue capabilities. This Plan of action aligns with SDG 1.3 (implementing social protection systems for all), SDG 8 (promoting decent work and economic growth), SDG 5 (achieving gender equality), and SDG 14 (conserving and sustainably using the oceans).

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