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Land Reform: land settlement and cooperatives 2007/1









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    Land Reform: Land settlement and cooperatives 2002/2 2002
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    The management of conflict over land and natural resources is a very broad issue and there is a growing literature on techniques that have potential for use in this field. At the moment, the Land Tenure Service of FAO’s Rural Development Division is working towards achieving a deeper understanding of the current methods and practices in land conflict management and is gathering cases from all over the world to ascertain the techniques used and the results achieved. This edition of La nd Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, prepared with the strong support of Ms A. Herrera, of the Land Tenure Service, reflects some of the Organization’s recent activities in this area. Ricardo Ramírez’ article provides a framework for considering the question of land conflict. The full article can be found on the FAO SD Dimensions Web site (available at www.fao.org/sd/2002/IN0301_en.htm). This article is backed up by Sofia Monsalve’s article, which outlines the importance of the legal framework and of rights in land. The remaining articles, a selection drawn from Africa (Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau), Latin America (Mexico, Ecuador) and Asia (the Philippines), provide detailed case studies of land and natural resource conflict and its management in the field.
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    Land reform: land settlement and cooperatives 1998/1 1998
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    This issue of Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives includes interesting descriptions of land tenure and related policies in Uganda, Tunisia, the United Republic of Tanzania and Morocco. Two thought-provoking articles on access to land and other assets focus on policies to reduce poverty and the function of markets in the allocation of production resources. In the first, J. Melmed-Sanjak and S. Lastarria-Cornhiel conclude that any reduction in rural poverty requires a series of policy ef forts that recognize the links existing between household options of access to assets, the access strategies they adopt and macrostructural changes. In the second article, F. Vogelgesang argues in favour of applying an institutional analysis to examine the possibilities and limitations of an approach that favours market mechanisms as an alternative to the discouraging results of past redistributive reform in Latin America. The article by C. Guanziroli seeks to place the ongoing process of land r eform in Brazil in the context of the new orientations and trends of economic growth and globalization.
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    Book (series)
    Land Reform : land settlement and cooperatives 1998/2 1998
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    For a number of years, FAO’s Land Tenure Service has sought to contribute to the debate on the basis of acceptance that agrarian societies are diverse and that solutions must come directly from those concerned and not derive from external visions bearing little resemblance to local realities. The refusal to accept an “easy” answer to the land issue does not, however, mean that we should not explore ways of taking the matter forward. This volume sets out to facilitate the debate by suggesting a m ethodological itinerary that has four distinct stages: •general understanding of the issue; •in-depth analysis, requiring appropriate methodological tools; •elaboration of appropriate measures, using a participatory approach; •ongoing monitoring to introduce any modifications needed as country and regional situations change. Often, we must turn to agrarian history if we are to understand the deep-rooted origins of an agrarian issue – a lesson taught to us by Marc Bloch and his disciples. The fir st articles take up this theme: C. Kay provides a stimulating historical account of agrarian reform in Latin America; P. Mathieu, S. Mugangu Matabaro and A. Mafikiri Tsongo share their reflections on one of the bloodiest conflicts of recent years, that of the Great Lakes Region in Africa; and G. Ciparisse analyses the historical evolution of land access rights in sub-Saharan Africa. These three articles all emphasize the notion of complexity and the intricate web of factors which produces a some times explosive mix of agrarian reform.

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