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Innovations in financing mechanisms for demand-driven agricultural advisory services

The Chile case, 1978–2014











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    Innovations in financing mechanisms for demand-driven agricultural advisory services
    Framework for analysis and synthesis of experiences
    2018
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    The reform of extension systems towards pluralism and more demand drive over the past decades and the shift towards Agricultural Innovation Systems went along with changes in financing mechanisms. This report is part of a series of four case studies and a synthesis of these cases undertaken by the FAO Research and Extension Unit. The series documents innovative types of financing mechanisms for demand-led agricultural advisory systems and services in Denmark, Chile, Colombia and Senegal. This synthesis report was established with a conceptual framework for analysis used to develop a synthesis of the experiences from the four case studies. It highlights the changes that have occurred due to the different financing models and describes to what extent this has resulted in farmer empowerment and in more relevant, effective and sustainable services. The synthesis also supplements the cases with a literature review on other cases of similar financing mechanisms and draws overall conclusions and recommendations.
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    Innovations in financing mechanisms for demand driven agricultural advisory services. Evolution of the Danish model 2015
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    The study describes the historic development of the Danish Agricultural Advisory Services (DAAS). This is the case of a national advisory system owned and managed by the farmer organizations and financed with public subsidies combined with farmer/user payments, gradually developed to full user payment. The links and relations between the empowerment of farmers and their organizations, their evolving roles in advisory systems, and the innovative financial mechanisms in extension, especially pull- mechanisms, are analyzed. The study also looks at the effectiveness and impact of the advisory system, advice and accountability of advisory services to small-scale male and female producers. It draws out lessons learned from this that can relate to other countries engaged in reforming their advisory services.
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    Innovations in financing mechanisms for demand-driven agricultural advisory services
    The Case of Nariño Dairy Products Cooperative (COLACTEOS) in Colombia
    2018
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    At the request of FAO, the Latin American Center for Rural Development (RIMISP) conducted a case study on the financing mechanisms for the technical advisory services that the Nariño Dairy Products Cooperative (COLACTEAOS) makes available to its members. The purpose is to illustrate the experiences of COLACTEOS’s way of financing advisory services, some of its major effects, and to identify lessons learned that could motivate and guide other countries engaged in reforming their innovation systems and agricultural advisory services in particular. In order to carry out this analysis, information from available secondary sources was used as well as primary sources gathered during a visit to the COLACTEOS headquarters. Interviews were conducted with administrators, technicians responsible for providing technical assistance, staff that oversee and link producers to financial entities and key informants, and individuals familiar with the system and the Bogotá dairy production sub-sector. The study reviews the policies for the agriculture and livestock sector in Colombia and the evolution and current state of rural extension services. In this context, it describes the services offered by COLACTEOS to its members, with an emphasis on technical advisory services and the main financial services, along with the influence of some free trade agreements on the milk sub-sector. The study provides a brief summary of the portfolio of services provided by COLACTEOS and discuss the details of technical advisory services and financial services provided to producers, and describe the relationships between technical advisory services and financial services. The study describes the mechanisms for financing the technical advisory services, how the producers participate in influencing the services and some of the effects on dairy production. Finally, the study present a section containing conclusions and lessons learned.

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