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FAO and Cash+ - How to maximize the impacts of cash transfers

Webinar report - 24 October 2018 - Questions and answers










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    Presentation
    Social Protection Webinar II - FAO and Cash+: How to maximize the impacts of cash transfers
    Webinar Powerpoint
    2018
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    Poor rural households often depend on agriculture for their livelihoods and face a series of constraints in terms of their equitable access to productive resources, finance, markets and services – which trap them into poverty. They are also disproportionately affected by shocks and crises. Evidence shows that agriculture and social protection can jointly optimize their impacts in combating hunger and poverty. To promote those synergies, FAO works, in both stable and fragile/protracted crisis contexts, to improve the welfare of poor households and the resilience of their livelihoods in rural areas. FAO has developed a specific intervention in both humanitarian and development settings: Cash+, which combines cash transfers with productive assets, inputs, and/or technical training and activities to enhance the livelihoods and productive capacities of poor and vulnerable households. The cash component enables beneficiary households to address their immediate basic needs, including for food, while the ‘plus’ component supports investment in household production, helping to protect, restore and develop livelihoods. FAO is supporting the design and implementation (by Governments as well as by FAO country offices) of Cash+ interventions in several countries, following a normative, evidence-based and context-specific approach, to ensure greater impacts on beneficiaries. While different type of Cash+ interventions exist, different entry points to promote Cash+ at country level are used, depending on the existence and maturity of national social protection schemes, the level of coordination and involvement of the Ministry of Agriculture, the livelihoods context, the objectives of the programme, among others.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Evaluating the impacts of cash and complementary agricultural support interventions in fragile settings
    The case of Somalia
    2022
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    This study examines the FAO cash plus agriculture program in Somalia. This multi-faceted intervention provides agricultural inputs, training and cash transfers to vulnerable agro-pastoralist households living in districts and villages that experienced severe weather shocks. We exploit variations in the implementation of this program to assess the effect of receiving inputs only and inputs plus cash on a range of protective and productive outcomes. Specifically, we make use of household survey data collected in 2019 and apply a quasi-experimental Inverse Probability Weighted Regression Analysis (IPWRA) matching approach to estimate the impact of the two different interventions on food security, assets, adoption of inputs and adoption of agricultural practices. We find positive and significant impacts on a number of productive outcomes and some difference between the two treatments: while inputs seem to increase asset wealth, cash plus reduces food insecurity and higher levels of income diversification, suggesting that the cash component facilitates investments in livelihoods diversification. Moreover, we find evidence of heterogeneous impacts under conditions of weather shocks, and between socio-economic segments of the population.
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    Poster, banner
    Cash+ How to Maximize the Impact of Cash Transfers 2018
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    This poster was developed for the International Conference on Social Protection in Contexts of Fragility and Forced Displacement, organized with the EU, UNICEF, UNHCR and WFP. http://sp-fragility-displacement.onetec.eu/index.asp?type= The objective was to showcase FAO's Cash+ approach which consists in “combining cash transfers with productive assets, activities, inputs, and/or technical training and extension services” to boost the livelihoods and productive capacities of poor and vulnerable households. These interventions can strengthen the resilience of vulnerable households’ livelihoods and increase food production while enhancing the economic impact of social protection and help families meet their immediate food requirements. CASH+ is a tool that can be used for quick impact humanitarian response interventions, recovery and resilience programming as well as part of longer term social protection programmes. Main highlights includes experiences from Lesotho and Somalia.

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