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Training Fishermen at Sea







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    Project
    Training in Sea Safety Development
    Training in Sea Safety Development Programmes, India, IND/6712
    1998
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    The Consultant travelled to New Delhi, Kakinada and Visakhapatnam for discussions with fishermen, fishing boat owners, boatbuilders, staff from the Kakinada Port Office, Marine Department in Visakhapatnam, Fisheries Department, Fisheries Training Institute (CFTI) and F AO, on questions of fishing vessel safety. During the cyclone in November 1996, 110 trawlers and 569 crew members were lost. Only the 10-12 m multi-day trawlers were caught at sea in the cyclone since the smaller boats were not ou t fishing due to bad weather. It was noted that the safety equipment required in the "Merchant Shipping Act" is not carried when the boats go fishing. Concrete steps are recommended to improve the safety of the fishing vessels, including lashing down of hatch covers and providing larger scuppers in the bulwark, together with better training of the crew in dealing with heavy weather. The lifejackets supplied in India with cotton cover and kapok floatation are outdated. None of the crew on the fis hing boats or the instructors of the CFTI knew how to tie on the life jackets properly. The Syllabus of the CFTI puts too little emphasis on training for heavy weather boat handling and safety drills. Two training courses aimed at different levels of participants were held in Kakinada. A prototype of a rigid lifefloat for 8-10 men was made in a FRP boatbuilding yard in kakinada and demonstrated in the fishing harbour. The life float is designed to be carried on top of the wheelhouse and will inc rease the chances of survival of the crew and the probability of being seen by search boats and aeroplanes. The scantlings of the wooden trawlers built in Kakinada are considerably below what , is considered to be the minimum in other countries. This increases the possibility of Youndering in heavy weather due to leaks, especially on older boats. Poor workmanship and scantlings were also seen in FRP boats. Many of the FRP boats have no, or inadequate, buoyancy compartments to keep the boats aflo at if a sudden leak occurs. A tender specification was prepared for the supply of 12 diesel engines by the project for installation in Navas.
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    TRAINING MANUAL on the construction of FRP beach landing boats 2010
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    This manual on construction of fibreglass reinforced plastic (FRP) beach landing boats has been prepared primarily to assist small boatyards in Tamil Nadu, India that build beach landing fishing boats, but may also be used as a guide for making good quality FRP boats as well as for FRP training in the region. The manual should be seen as a supplement to FRP boatbuilding manuals available in the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and other international publ ications. It assumes prior knowledge of FRP hand lay-up processes and terms generally used in the industry. Recommendations on working conditions, materials and quality control are based on tropical ambient conditions and the type of boatyards likely to build such boats. Part I of the manual contains general information on FRP materials, handling and working conditions. Part II describes the building of a hull plug and a mould and Part III describes the building of a beach landing boat. Finally, Part IV contains information on manufacturing defects and repairs. The manual has four annexes that provide further information related to FRP boatbuilding. Annexes 1 and 2 contain a bibliography and a glossary, respectively. All drawings for the FAO IND-30 boat design are provided in Annex 3. Finally, Annex 4 contains the draft recommended construction standards for FRP fishing vessels. These standards are a part of the FAO/ILO/IMO Safety recommendations for decked fishing vessels of less than 12 m in length and undecked fishing vessels, which are currently under development.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Safety of fishermen (Tamil version) 2007
    “Safety First” is the slogan that the crew-members of any fishing vessel should keep in mind. “Safety” must be given top priority. Appropriate safety measures will save lives, protect vessels from damage, prevent serious injuries, protect the environment, and help maintain the fishing industry in a profitable manner. The owners, operators and skippers of all fishing vessels have a responsibility to train their crewmembers on “safety”. This manual provides a list of possible accidents t hat may occur onboard fishing vessels and useful tips and courses of action that may be taken in order to keep those accidents from happening. This manual has been compiled primarily for vessels of less than 24 metres in length where the skipper does not hold a certificate of competency or has limited vocational training.

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