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Guidelines for humane handling, transport and slaughter of livestock









This publication also available in Mongolian (translation provided by Mongolian Veterinary Epidemiologists Association) "МАЛТАЙ ЭНЭРЭНГҮЙ БАЙДЛААР ХАРЬЦАХ, ТЭЭВЭРЛЭХ, ТӨХӨӨРӨХӨД ЗОРИУЛСАН УДИРДАМЖ"



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    Book (stand-alone)
    Livestock transportation and slaughter practices
    Practical guidelines for Asia and the Pacific region
    2023
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    These guidelines cover the transportation process for cattle, pigs, goats, sheep and poultry, with an emphasis on land transportation, following two guidelines on Climate-smart livestock and Backyard farming and slaughtering (FAO, 2021a; 2021b). It also examines how pre-slaughter treatment, stunning and slaughter can compromise animal welfare by exposing livestock to conditions that result in pain, fear and distress. The guidelines do not cover further processing once death has been confirmed. Live animals have been traded for thousands of years, from a simple exchange of animals between neighbours to modern trade in animals over vast distances. The nature of commercial livestock production and trade is such that livestock, at some point, undergo transportation from the farm of birth to a finishing system; to and from markets; to the abattoir or place of slaughter. Livestock production systems in Asia and the Pacific are becoming increasingly stratified, with several livestock movements or transfers between production and slaughter, however the vast majority of livestock are still farmed in a traditional manner. Reducing the number of steps and planning animal movement carefully can reduce the risk to animal health, animal welfare and foodborne disease. Reducing duration and frequency of transportation, whilst optimizing transportation conditions (and therefore improving animal welfare outcomes) will also invariably reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Transportation is potentially hazardous for animals, regardless of whether travel is between or within countries, or by road, rail, air or sea. However, there are ways in which we can identify risks to animal welfare, and suggest suitable alternative conditions which would result in acceptable animal welfare outcomes.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Малтай энэрэнгүй байдлаар харьцах, тээвэрлэх, төхөөрөхөд зориулсан удирдамж 2020
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    Олон улсын мал аж ахуйн үйлдвэрлэлийн салбарт төхөөрч буй мал, амьтадтай харьцах, тавлаг байдлыг хангах илүү сайн дадал, туршлагыг хөхүүлэн дэмжих хэрэгтэй. Энэ нь ялангуяа хөгжиж буй орнуудад онцгой ач холбогдолтой, учир энэ нь үйлдвэрлэлийг сайжруулна. Мөн шашны зан үйлийн төхөөрөлтийн тухайд мал, амьтдыг муужруулах зохистой дадал болон муужруулалтын өмнөх ажиллагааны илүү сайн арга туршлагыг нэвтрүүлэх зайлшгүй шаардлагатай байна. Хөгжиж буй орнуудад өндөр технологийн тоног төхөөрөмж ашиглахгүйгээр тээвэрлэлт, төхөөрөх үед мал, амьтны тавлаг байдлын сайн стандартыг тогтоох боломжтой юм. Эдгээр орнуудад тээврийн хэрэгслийн гулгамтгай шалны дээгүүр нь төмөр сараалжтай болгох, муужруулах хайрцаг, эсвэл цувуулах хоолой болон хөдөлгөөн хязгаарлах төхөөрөмжийг хийх материал, түүнчлэн цахилгаан хавчуур, хязгаарлагч боолттой гар буунд зориулсан сумны хайрцаг зэрэг тоног төхөөрөмжийг үйлдвэрлэхэд нь туслах хэрэгтэй.
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    Book (series)
    Good practices for the meat industry 2004
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    In recent years, public concern about the safety of foods of animal origin has heightened due to problems that have arisen with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), as well as with outbreaks of food-borne bacterial infections, and food contamination with toxic agents (e.g. dioxin). These problems have serious implications for national food safety, the development of the animal products industry and for international trade in livestock products. The purpose of this manual on Good pract ices for the meat industry is to provide updated comprehensive information and practical guidelines for the implementation of the new Code of hygienic practice for meat, when adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. The publication is intended to guide managers of abattoirs and the meat industry. It will also be of value to veterinarians engaged in meat inspection, with their supervisory roles in meat hygiene. The manual is published in detachable modules and also serves as a trai ning resource.

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