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Financing agricultural marketing

The Asian experience









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    Document
    Lithuania: Financing of Warehouse Receipts - Legal Review
    Report N. 1 - October 2002
    2002
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    Warehouse receipts are used to facilitate the financing of primary agriculture, agricultural trade and food processing. By storing grain or other agricultural commodities in licensed warehouses, farmers, traders and agri-processors have the possibility to obtain receipts that can be used as collateral with local credit institutions. This system has proved particularly useful in Central and Eastern European countries where agricultural enterprises do not have strong credit histories and have few assets to pledge as collateral. In these circumstances, local banks often prove reluctant to lend to the agricultural sector. For warehouse receipts to become a convincing instrument to secure loans to agricultural enterprises, a coherent institutional and regulatory framework is required. Banks need to be able to trust warehouses, which should be licensed and supervised properly, and banks must be certain that the receipts can be used as effective deeds to exercise their rights in case of loan default.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Proceedings of the FAO/AFMA workshop on quality and safety in the traditional horticultural marketing chains of Asia 2006
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    Thanks to increased agricultural production and better marketing facilities, poverty and food insecurity are less of a problem in many Asian countries than was the case a few years ago. The new preoccupation of countries in the region is on quality and safety. FAO has been working to improve quality and safety in Asian countries through a wide range of interventions to enhance their capacity to meet international food quality and sanitary and phytosanitary standards, and to establish and maintai n appropriate regulations, monitoring and surveillance. One such intervention is the programme on enhancing food quality and safety by strengthening handling, processing and marketing in the food chain, under which the above workshop was carried out. Held in Bangkok, Thailand from 7 to 10 November 2005, it was the first attempt by FAO to approach quality and safety issues from a marketing perspective. The main issue considered was: What are the constraints faced by farmers and traders in the tra ditional horticultural supply chains to bring safe and quality produce to market? This report provides summaries of the 21 papers and country case studies discussed which focused on identifying ways to overcome constraints on improving traditional marketing channels (complete case studies are provided in the annexes). Conclusions and recommendations are also included in the report.
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    Book (series)
    Fish marketing and credit in Viet Nam. 2004
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    Since the early 1980s, exports of fish in Viet Nam have increased significantly while the improvement of domestic marketing and utilization of fish have not received sufficient attention. Improving supplies of fish for urban and rural populations, better quality and safety of products and ensuring food security, particularly for disadvantaged and vulnerable parts of the population, are important concerns which were addressed by studies, the findings of which are presented in this repor t. These findings suggest that the domestic consumption of fish in Viet Nam is probably higher than previously assumed. Given the projected strong economic growth over the coming years, it must be expected that local consumer demand will continue to expand. At the same time, the exportoriented fish processing industry will result in an increased demand for raw materials. This substantial future demand for safe and high quality fish products can only be met if efficient marketing arra ngements are in place. The findings of the studies identify a number of constraints in the present domestic fish marketing channels, which form the basis of recommendations for the improvement of the present marketing arrangements. These include the establishment of fish wholesale markets in large urban areas, establishment of well-functioning assembly markets at important fish landing sites, improvement of the legal/regulatory framework for the operations of fish wholesalers, establ ishment of fish market price information systems, promotion of contract farming/ trading systems among fish market operators certified by local authorities, improvement of fisheries statistics systems for better fish market planning, the promotion of a domestic fish market strategy complementing the export-oriented development strategy and the development of a coordination mechanism for the public sector for fish marketing and fish market management. As far as the fish marketing chai n is concerned, it is recommended that governmental and semi-governmental institutions should play an active role in the improvement of the vertical fish marketing chain. Their cooperation with the private-sector stakeholders is requested as capabilities of the private sector to establish well-working cooperation arrangements seem limited and have not (yet) brought the expected benefits. Publicprivate partnership appears to be the key to success. Credit is widely used for financing m arine capture fisheries, particularly offshore fishing and export-oriented fish culture, processing and marketing. State-owned financial institutions play a major role in financing capital expenditure while working capital requirements are mainly met by informal sources of credit. Future investment requirements and credit needs are greater than current availability. In particular, the domestic fish marketing sector, i.e. wholesalers and retailers, so far have only a limited access to credit and this is perceived as an obstacle to the growth and improvement of the sector. In the case of offshore fisheries, the findings suggest that there should not be any further expansion of credit, and future credit support should focus on making the fleet more efficient and sustainable.

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