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Community African swine fever Biosecurity Interventions

Helping smallholder farmers and communities fight ASF









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guidelines for African swine fever (ASF) prevention and control in smallholder pig farming in Asia
    Farm biosecurity, slaughtering and restocking
    2022
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    African swine fever (ASF) is a highly fatal infectious disease of domestic and wild pigs of all breeds and ages with no effective vaccine or treatment. The incursion of ASF into Asia and the Pacific region has been a major concern as the region is the major pig production area, which produces over 58 percent of pigs globally (FAOSTAT). The concerns, therefore, are growing for its impacts on food security and economics as the virus is expanding towards more areas and countries in the region. As the disease continues to expand into new territories, preparedness and control activities need to be constantly adjusted to adapt to situations observed in the field that may be contrary to what was expected based on international standards or experiences from other parts of the world. National veterinary services face challenges in these complex situations, and so regional and international support is needed to fill capacity gaps required for ASF control and to facilitate dialogue among key stakeholders. Through various regional and national consultation meetings, affected countries have requested technical support to make available relevant technical guidelines for ASF control that are practical especially for smallholder pig farmers in the context of Asia (SO5). This Farm biosecurity, slaughtering and restocking] is the third of the series of the “Guidelines for African swine fever (ASF) prevention and control in smallholder pig farming in Asia” which guides biosecurity, slaughtering and restocking practice in smallholder pig farming system which are designed for use by national and/or central veterinary authorities, farmers and relevant stakeholders, especially focusing on Southeast Asian pig industry.
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    Project
    Strengthening Biosecurity Preparedness through Enhanced Rapid Detection of African Swine Fever in Papua New Guinea - TCP/PNG/3706 2021
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    African Swine Fever ( is a highly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic viral disease that affects susceptible Suidae family, including pigs and wild boars In 2019 an expert team from the Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC AH) FAO conducted a Rapid Preparedness Assessment for ASF in Papua New Guinea, and concluded that the country was on high alert for an imminent incursion Recommendations were given to the National Agriculture Quarantine and Inspection Authority ( the country’s mandated Biosecurity and Veterinary service, on active reporting and surveillance, early detection, control and containment of ASF in the event of an incursion The Mission team, in collaboration with the NAQIA, the Department of Agriculture and Livestock (DAL and other relevant agencies and stakeholders, identified high risk entry pathways for ASF, namely the Indonesia and Papua New Guinea land borders, airports and seaports, through mining, logging and construction sites with Chinese or Asian contractors and/or workers The early detection of ASF was pertinent in the efficient and timely control and containment of the disease Given the high socio economic value of pigs in the country, particularly in the Highlands Region, it was imperative that an incursion be prevented and that ASF be kept out of this region Against this background, the project was designed to address gaps identified in the existing animal surveillance system in the NAQIA, and to strengthen the technical capacity of the NAQIA, the DAL and relevant agencies’ officers in active surveillance and reporting, diagnostics, and risk communication, to enable rapid detection and early containment of ASF incursion in the country.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guidelines for African swine fever (ASF) prevention and control in smallholder pig farming in Asia
    Culling and disposal of pigs in an African swine fever outbreak
    2022
    Also available in:

    African swine fever (ASF) is a highly fatal infectious disease of domestic and wild pigs of all breeds and ages with no effective vaccine or treatment. The incursion of ASF into Asia and the Pacific region has been a major concern as the region is the major pig production area, which produces over 58 percent of pigs globally (FAOSTAT). The concerns, therefore, are growing for its impacts on food security and economics as the virus is expanding towards more areas and countries in the region. As the disease continues to expand into new territories, preparedness and control activities need to be constantly adjusted to adapt to situations observed in the field that may be contrary to what was expected based on international standards or experiences from other parts of the world. National veterinary services face challenges in these complex situations, and so regional and international support is needed to fill capacity gaps required for ASF control and to facilitate dialogue among key stakeholders. Through various regional and national consultation meetings, affected countries have requested technical support to make available relevant technical guidelines for ASF control that are practical especially for smallholder pig farmers in the context of Asia (SO5). This [Culling and disposal of pigs in an ASF outbreak] is the second of the series of the “Guidelines for African swine fever (ASF) prevention and control in smallholder pig farming in Asia” which provides guidance on planning and conducting pig culling and disposal operations in smallholder setting including other relevant actions, such as cleaning and disinfection of premises in the event of an ASF outbreak.

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