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Enhancing Pesticide Life-Cycle Management and Treatment of Pesticide Contaminated Sites in Botswana - GCP/BOT/011/GFF








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    Book (series)
    Final evaluation of ''Demonstration project for the decontamination of Persistent Organic Pesticides contaminated soils using non-thermal treatment methods''
    Project code: GCP/BOT/011/GFF GEF ID: 3985
    2020
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    The pesticide story began in the 1980s with outbreaks of migratory pests, including locusts. Donors provided pesticides, including persistent organic pollutants (POPs), to help control outbreaks. Several storage depots were set up across the country. Some of the pesticides were not used and remained in the depots where they started to leak from their containers into the soil. Between 1995 and 2003 two projects collected over 300 tonnes from government storage depots and identified 42 tonnes of farmer-held obsolete pesticides. The stocks were taken to a warehouse in Sebele before being disposed of through high temperature incineration in 2003. From 2002 to 2012 the government started collecting empty plastic containers (EPCs) and obsolete stocks. While the accumulation of obsolete stocks had fallen through awareness of the problem raised by these projects, it was still a problem. Also, nothing had been done about the POPs contaminated soils left behind after the government depots had been cleared. The Africa Stockpiles Program continued to raise the issue of POPs contamination. 28. It was in this context, that discussions began in 2008 that led to the design and funding of this Project to deal with contaminated soils and to strengthen pesticide lifecycle management to reduce accumulation of obsolete pesticides and the risk from pesticides in general. The Project document identified “serious gaps in Botswana’s ability to control all aspects of the pesticide life cycle” including the capacity to control imports; gaps in pesticide and waste legislation; and need for improved management of pesticide registrations.
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    Book (series)
    Mid-term evaluation of ''Disposal of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Obsolete Pesticides and Strengthening Life-cycle Management of Pesticides in Benin”
    GCP/BEN/056/GFF GEF ID: 4756
    2019
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    Inadequate agricultural policies and poorly enforced regulations lead to the accumulation of unused pesticides. In Benin, stockpiles of obsolete pesticides have become a great concern, posing a threat not only to human health and environment, but also to the sustainable development of the region. Farmers also often look for cheaper pesticides and use different chemicals than those officially recommended. FAO implemented the project ‘Disposal of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and obsolete pesticides and strengthening life-cycle management of pesticides in Benin’ from June 2015 to May 2019 with the aim to develop capacity at the community and institutional levels to manage current and future stocks. The mid-term evaluation reports the project achievements, such as identifying four alternatives to chemical pesticides and developing national capacities of trained individuals, as well as the areas for improvement. Also addressed are the factors contributing to the continuity of activities after the end of the project. Project code: GCP/BEN/056/GFF GEF ID: 4756
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    Project
    Safeguarding and disposal of obsolete pesticides in Eritrea - GCP/ERI/017/JPN 2019
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    At the time of project formulation, Eritrea had undertaken a significant amount of preparatory work to characterize the hazards posed by pesticides, and to develop a communication strategy and legislative framework to address these. In 2008, an FAO project identified 400 tonnes of obsolete and unknown pesticides, around 1 400 m3of contaminated soil, 12 000 empty containers and 5 400 contaminated sprayers. The current project was conceived to safeguard and soundly dispose of the stockpile of obsolete pesticides and highly contaminated materials, held in 294 stores scattered across the country. In addition to the environmentally sustainable disposal of the inventoried obsolete pesticide wastes, the project aimed to strengthen the life cycle management of pesticides in Eritrea, to reduce risks to human health and the environment, and to guard against the further accumulation of obsolete pesticide stocks. The project was implemented in conjunction with the GEF funded project “Prevention and Disposal of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and Obsolete Pesticides in Eritrea -Phase II” (GCP/ERI/014/GFF), which has complementary objectives.

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