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Pakistan dietary guidelines for better nutrition










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    Improving Diets and Nutrition Outcomes in Southern Africa - TCP/SFS/3604 2020
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    It is widely acknowledged that having a high-quality diet is one of the single most important contributors to nutrition outcomes and health, while poor-quality diets result in malnutrition in its many forms, including under-nutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity. In recent years, African countries have begun to undergo a dietary transition, marked by changes in food consumption patterns. Globalization, urbanization and changes in the food supply and lifestyles have resulted in a shift in dietary habits, a loss in dietary diversity and a loss of traditional food cultures. Shifts to sub-optimal diets are compounded by a lack of awareness of nutrition and a low level of empowerment to make healthy food choices. The general population has been exposed to mixed and misguided nutrition messages which, in turn, negatively influence their overall knowledge, outlook and behaviour towards making healthy food choices. These changes, coupled with the increased availability and marketing of products of low nutritional value, highlighted the need for consistent, simple and practical dietary guidance to enable people to make healthy food choices and therefore prevent negative health outcomes, and to assist countries in developing food, health and agriculture policy. The Sub-regional Office of Southern Africa (SFS) therefore implemented this project, TCP/SFS/3604, to support three countries (Seychelles, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia) in promoting healthy diets through the development of Food-based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs). This TCP also supported the Government of Lesotho in the development of a Nutrition and Home Economics Strategy (NHES) for the Department of Nutrition and Home Economics (DoNHE) in the Ministry of Agriculture. The FBDGs are evidence-based recommendations with a series of harmonized nutrition messages and related illustrations that represent what a healthy diet is. The guidelines also provide advice on foods, food groups and dietary patterns to help the population meet nutrition requirements, so as to promote overall health and prevent diet-related non-communicable diseases. The FBDGs are intended to establish a basis for policies on food and nutrition, public health, and agriculture, as well as nutrition education programmes, in order to foster healthy eating habits and lifestyles.
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    Development of National Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for Botswana - TCP/BOT/3703 2022
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    African countries are undergoing a nutrition transition marked by changes in food consumption patterns and sub optimal diets Globalization, urbanization and changes in food supply and lifestyle have resulted in a shift in dietary habits, a loss of dietary diversity and the disappearance of traditional food cultures These changes, coupled with the increased availability and marketing of products of low nutritional value, highlight the need for consistent, simple and practical dietary guidance to enable populations to select healthy diets, to prevent disease and to guide countries in food, health and agriculture policy development A lack of awareness of nutrition and a limited ability to make healthy food choices are among the factors leading to a lack of dietary diversity The existence of both under nutrition and over nutrition, and the associated non communicable diseases ( indicate a need to inform the population of Botswana about healthy eating and healthy life styles In Botswana, the prevalence of stunting among children under the age of five was 25 9 percent in 2007 In 2006 15 2 percent of children under the age of five were obese In 2016 18 8 percent of adults in Botswana were overweight, and 11 8 percent were obese.
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    Support Government in Development and Implementation of the National Food Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGS) - TCP/KEN/3704 2022
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    Kenya is faced with a double burden of malnutrition, including overnutrition and undernutrition According to the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey ( 26 percent of children under the age of five are stunted, 4 percent are wasted, and 11 percent are underweight The Kenya STEPwise Survey for Non Communicable Diseases Risk Factors 2015 showed that 28 percent of Kenyans aged 18 to 69 years were either overweight or obese, with the percentage being significantly higher in women 38 5 percent) than men 17 5 percent) In order to address the above mentioned nutrition challenges, the Government of Kenya has committed to embarking on a comprehensive nutrition education and behaviour programme to promote healthy diets and lifestyles As a first step to this, the Government, through the Ministry of Health and other partners, developed the National Guidelines for Healthy Diet and Physical activity, which is expected to culminate in the development of Food Based Dietary Guidelines.

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