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Improving Diets and Nutrition Outcomes in Southern Africa - TCP/SFS/3604









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Zambia Food Based Dietary Guidelines
    Technical Recommendations 2021
    2021
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    These are Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) that define what a healthy diet means to Zambians. FBDGs are evidence-based recommendations that give advice on foods, food groups and dietary patterns that will provide the required nutrients to the public to promote overall nutrition, health and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The FBDGs recommendations are accompanied by a series of nutrition messages and related visual illustrations, which represent what a healthy diet means targeting the public. FBDGs establish a basis for public food and nutrition, health and agricultural policies and nutrition education programmes to foster healthy eating habits and lifestyles. The development followed the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) ten-step systematic process. The Zambia Ministry of Agriculture led the development process with technical support from FAO through a TCP. About 44 members of the multi-sector technical working group represented by 21 government and non-government institutions were part of the FBDGs development process.
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    Project
    Development of National Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for Botswana - TCP/BOT/3703 2022
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    African countries are undergoing a nutrition transition marked by changes in food consumption patterns and sub optimal diets Globalization, urbanization and changes in food supply and lifestyle have resulted in a shift in dietary habits, a loss of dietary diversity and the disappearance of traditional food cultures These changes, coupled with the increased availability and marketing of products of low nutritional value, highlight the need for consistent, simple and practical dietary guidance to enable populations to select healthy diets, to prevent disease and to guide countries in food, health and agriculture policy development A lack of awareness of nutrition and a limited ability to make healthy food choices are among the factors leading to a lack of dietary diversity The existence of both under nutrition and over nutrition, and the associated non communicable diseases ( indicate a need to inform the population of Botswana about healthy eating and healthy life styles In Botswana, the prevalence of stunting among children under the age of five was 25 9 percent in 2007 In 2006 15 2 percent of children under the age of five were obese In 2016 18 8 percent of adults in Botswana were overweight, and 11 8 percent were obese.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Pakistan dietary guidelines for better nutrition 2018
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    The first national DGs were developed in 2005 by the Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan to provide dietary recommendations for infants, children and adults. A lack of dietary diversification, unsatisfactory maternal and child care practices, industrialization and changing lifestyles in addition to natural catastrophes have led to a deteriorating nutrition situation in the country, that made it essential to review the relationship between diet and disease in the local context and revisit the existing food based dietary guidelines to mitigate the risk factors for under and over-nutrition and chronic diseases. The revised PDGN have taken into account the local dietary practices, cooking methods, cost of diet, nutrition and health situation of the population, socio-cultural practices, economic and environmental conditions to meet the nutritional requirements of individuals by and large. As food consumption and dietary patterns of individuals vary from country to country, so do the dietary guidelines developed to meet the nutritional requirements of the population on the basis of age, gender and physiological status. Similarly with the passage of time, there has been an increase in population growth, rural to urban migration as well as change in dietary habits, socio-economic conditions, lifestyles and prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Hence, dietary guidelines need to be revised to meet the changing population needs. The PDGN provide a list of foods with portion sizes to help the general public make smart and healthy food choices for a healthy, long and active life. Women of childbearing age, preschool children and adolescents are more vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies due to their increased physiological requirements and prevailing dietary and socio-cultural practices. The development and implementation of age specific dietary guidelines thus is vital for maintaining nutritional balance, weight management, prevention of diseases and improving the quality of life of the population particularly the most vulnerable groups. PDGN are resource for evidence-based decisions making and better policy choices. They also serve as tool for programme managers and professionals engaged in agriculture, food, nutrition and health related activities to develop cost-effective policies, strategies and nutrition programmes that promote healthy diet, support production, access and utilization of safe and nutritious foods, including interventions to reduce and control diet related diseases.

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