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Data compendium on safety at sea for seven West African countries: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde, 1991-1994







Gallene J.,, - Data compendium on safety at sea for seven west african countries;1995 Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde, 1991-1994. Cotonou, Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa.


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    Project
    Sub-Regional Workshop on Artisanal Safety at Sea, Banjul, The Gambia, 26-28 September 1994 (Report and case studies) 1994
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    A sub-regional workshop on safety at sea was held in Banjul, The Gambia from 26 to 28 September 1994. Organised by the IDAF Programme, this workshop brought together 22 participants from Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea and Sierra Leone. A representative of the Canadian Centre of Studies and International Cooperation (CECI) and FAO staff participated as well in the workshop. The objectives of this workshop were: to review the results of the national acciden ts survey; to identify the fundamental problems and examine information on the status of safety at sea activities in the different countries and to prepare a draft proposal for a sub-regional project on safety at sea. The participants reviewed the status of safety at sea in the seven countries which represent the north side of IDAF intervention area. Great changes have occurred in the artisanal fishing fleets of the sub-region over the past 15 years. The changes have come about mainly becau se of the development of new fisheries, the introduction of new fishing techniques and the higher level of the motorization. These innovations have enabled fishermen to make greater catches. Unfortunately, this development has quite often been accompanied with some unpleasant and connected effects at various levels. One of the direct consequences of these side effects is that in countries with historical seafaring backgrounds there has been a gradual degradation of traditional navigational and seafaring skills over the years. The result is the high debt that the fishermen pay each year to the sea, as a result of repeated accidents and wreckages which range from a simple capsizing of boats with no serious consequences to a fatal collision between small and large boats.
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    Accidental death and destruction in artisanal canoes: a retrospective study of the years 1989-1991 along the coast of Guinea (Conakry) West Africa 1994
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    Fishing is well known to be a dangerous occupation, but little hard information has been gathered on the hazards of the artisanal canoe sector in West Africa. This report presents the results of a retrospective sea safety survey in Guinea, which covered the years 1989 - 1991. The investigation, commissiormed by the Guinean national working group on artisanal safety at sea and executed with technical assistance from IDAF, used a specially adapted accident case study questionnaire to gather info rmation for the relevant period from over 80 % of the marine artisanal sector in Guinea.At a national level, 225 major canoe accidents were documented in the study, revealing a three year death toll of 110 persons, 68 reported injuries, and equipment losses corresponding to US $ 285,000. For reasons explained in the text, the number of death is thought to be considerably under reported. The fatalities are about evenly divided between fishing boats and transport canoes. The calculated death rat e, all types of canoes combined, corresponds to 0,5 % of the 6894 registered fishermen dying each year in accidents at sea.Suggestions are presented with respect to national authorities undertaking similar analyses of their artisanal sea safety situation on an annual basis.
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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - October 1999 1999
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    After abundant rains in mid or late August in several parts of the Sahel, rainfall decreased somewhat in September but remained generally widespread and above normal. During the first two dekads, rains were well distributed over the producing zones of the Sahel and abundant in Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Burkina Faso and Chad. However, they were more limited in Mali. During the third dekad, they stopped in north-western Senegal and central Chad but continued over all the other producing zones. Cumulative rainfall is generally normal to above normal in Burkina Faso, Chad, The Gambia, Niger and Senegal. High water levels in the Senegal and Niger rivers caused flooding, notably in Mauritania. Soil moisture reserves are adequate except in some areas in northern Senegal and Niger. Early millet and sorghum are maturing or reaching harvest stage in most productive zones. Satellite images for the first dekad of October indicate that cloud coverage continued over most producing zones of Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and Chad but diminished over Mauritania, north-eastern Burkina Faso and Niger. Precipitation remained above normal in southern and central Senegal, Mali, western Burkina Faso and southern Chad. Overall, good harvests are anticipated in most countries. Pastures are abundant and of good quality, notably in Mauritania. Pest infestations (mostly grasshoppers, blister beetles and floral insects) were reported in Cape Verde, Niger, and Senegal. A small outbreak of De sert Locusts occurred in northern Mali as a result of exceptionally good breeding conditions. Limited breeding has also been reported in Mauritania. Elsewhere, no significant developments are expected.

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