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Pro-Poor Management of Public Health Risks Associated with Livestock: The Case of Hpai in East and Southeast Asia










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    Book (series)
    Potential risk of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) spreading through wild water bird migration
    Updated version
    2005
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    There is a potential that Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) subtype H5N1 might be carried along migration routes of wild water birds to densely populated areas in the south Asian subcontinent and along migratory flyways to Europe. Recent outbreaks of HPAI in Russia and Kazakhstan (August, 2005) attest to this fact. Looking at the major bird migration routes (Fig. 1), the HPAI H5N1 virus could possibly spread from Siberia to the Caspian and Black Sea areas in the foreseeable future. Some w ild water birds are nesting in the newly AI affected areas in Novosibirsk and Altai in Russia and will migrate to the above-mentioned areas for winter or stop-over on their way to Africa and Europe. Bird migration routes run across Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Georgia, Ukraine and some Mediterranean countries, where bird flu outbreaks are a possibility. Also India and Bangladesh, which currently seem to be uninfected, are at risk because both areas harbour large numbers of domestic duck and the count ries are situated along one of the major migratory routes. They have the potential to become new large endemic foci of HPAI infection. Additionally, spring migration of 2006 may result in the spread of HPAI H5N1 virus across European Russia, because birds migrating from Europe and European Russia and Siberia have common wintering areas in Southwest Asia.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Evidence-based risk management along the livestock production and market chain: Regional Overview 2019
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    Poultry production in Southeast Asia has been challenged by various animal disease threats including highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI, also referred to as ‘bird flu’), and other emerging zoonotic and transboundary animal diseases. To mitigate the risk, emergence and spread of new pandemic disease threats, the Food and Agriculture Organization’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (FAO-ECTAD) in collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) is implementing the project Evidence-Based Risk Management along the Livestock Production and Market Chain in the region. The project implementation began in 2017 in four countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar and Viet Nam.
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    Industrial Livestock Production and Global Health Risks 2007
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    Recent emergence of contagious human diseases from animals, such as Nipah in 1999, SARS in 2002 and the current epidemic of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), which has so far caused the death of nearly 200 people, have heightened public awareness of linkages between wild animals, livestock production and global public health. The risk of disease transmission from animals to humans will increase in future, due to human and livestock population growth, dramatic changes in livestock product ion, the emergence of worldwide agro-food networks, and a significant increase in mobility of people and goods.

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