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South Sudan Situation Report – May 2017









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    Document
    South Sudan Situation Report – July 2017 2017
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    A concerted and massive humanitarian response is containing famine in Unity State, with the number of people in famine conditions in the county down from a projected 90 000 to 25 000. However, hunger continues to spread across the country with 6 million people now severely food insecure. Of these, 1.7 million people – increased from 1 million in February – are at risk of famine (IPC Phase 4). In addition, 20 000 people in Ayod County of Greater Jonglei, where food security is deteriorating rapid ly, are facing famine conditions. Armed conflict, a continued economic crisis and below-average 2016 harvests, which were exhausted well before the ongoing lean season, are the main drivers of the worsening food security. In Greater Equatoria, and particularly some of South Sudan’s most productive areas, fighting has severely disrupted agricultural activities and markets, forcing huge numbers of the population to flee to Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and causing many to miss th e 2017 main planting season. Acute malnutrition remains a major emergency in many parts of the country, driven by conflict, displacement, poor access to services, disease outbreaks, extremely poor diet (quality and quantity) and low coverage of sanitation facilities.
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    Plan of Action for Southern Sudan. Emergency response and rehabilitation for food and agriculture August 2010 – August 2012 2010
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    Food insecurity and poverty are widespread across Southern Sudan, linked to decades of civil conflict, the disruption and loss of economic activities, displacement of a significant portion of the population, lack of basic infrastructure and the erosion of livelihood options. Southern Sudan faces one of the worst humanitarian and food-security situations in the world, with at least 1.5 million people relying on external assistance to meet their food needs. Traditional livelihood systems are root ed in the agriculture sector, employing a mix of livestock and crop production, fishing, wild food collection and trade. With about 80 percent of the population relying on agricultural production to meet their food and income needs, the role of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) – the United Nations agency with the mandate for agriculture and rural development – is critical in strengthening the agriculture sector and contributing to wider peacebuilding efforts. In this Plan of Action (PoA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) outlines its emergency and rehabilitation programme for Southern Sudan in 2010–12. It does not include FAO’s long-term development programme, but is designed to complement the Organization’s ongoing development activities, as well as the interventions of United Nations agencies, Government and other partners which aim to mitigate the effects of recurrent crises while addressing their root causes. The ov erall purpose of the PoA is to improve preparedness and to make short-term responses in food and agriculture more effective. The programme relies heavily on a disaster risk management approach to the complex situation in Southern Sudan. This approach focuses on emergency relief, such as replacing lost assets or restoring livelihoods, as well as on early efforts as part of risk reduction that protect and sustain livelihoods. Such interventions can often be more effective than those delayed until people are in crisis. Given the complex and protracted nature of the crisis in Southern Sudan, FAO’s relief and recovery programming is enhanced by interventions that not only restore, but also protect and promote livelihoods in food and agriculture. The proposed priorities in this PoA will help FAO, its counterparts and partners to meet short-term needs in ways that strengthen the resilience of communities and lead to more effective and longer-term recovery. The three key areas of focus propose d in this PoA are based on an analysis of the current situation and of the main factors triggering food insecurity and assessments identifying and targeting vulnerable groups. These are: (i) improving food production; (ii) improving food accessibility; and (iii) improving agricultural productivity. These priorities have been expanded into fourteen sectoral programmes that detail the activities to be implemented by FAO in Southern Sudan to achieve the expected outcomes and address the specific ne eds identified in the five priority states of Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Northern Bahr el-Ghazal, Upper Nile and Warrap. The total budget for the PoA 2010–12 is USD 67 821 864.
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    Newsletter
    FAO/AFIS South Sudan Crop Watch-September 2015 2015
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    Production estimates for recently harvested first season are favorable in Central and Western Equatoria states, while below average production has been obtained in most agro-pastoral areas of Eastern Equatoria state that have been affected by scarce and erratic rains. In June, civil insecurity in some eastern counties of Western Equatoria caused displacement of farmers with significant reduction in area planted and yields of first season crops. In Greater Bahr El Ghazal region, production prospe cts of short and long-cycle crops (to be harvested from September to December) are generally favorable, despite the late start of the rainy season and some dry spells. A prolonged dry spell in August severely affected late planted crops in Bor South and Pibor counties in southern Jonglei state. Generally favorable rains at the beginning of September are supporting planting operations of second season crops in Greater Equatoria region. In most conflict-affected counties of Greater Upper Nile regi on, the extent of planted area has severely been affected by worsening security conditions and massive displacement and production is expected to be minimal.

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