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Proactive approaches to drought preparedness - Where are we now and where do we go from here?








​FAO. 2019. Proactive approaches to drought preparedness – Where are we now and where do we go from here? Rome


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    A rapid review of effective financing for policy, implementation and partnerships addressing drought risks 2022
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    The present report was informed by the work of the Intergovernmental Working Group on Drought under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and its holistic approach with the other Rio Conventions, as well as the international sustainable development and disaster risk reduction communities. The publication builds on a recent review of drought risk mitigation, preparedness and response measures commissioned by FAO with partners in the Integrated Drought Management Programme, alongside a range of other recent global reviews, and the work of the Intergovernmental Working Group of the UNCCD on drought. The report presents an overview of current knowledge and thinking concerning the effectiveness of three distinct layers of financing that set out to address drought risks in different ways. For each of these, results are conceptualized and measured in different ways for disaster risk reduction, adaptation to climate change, and transformative green finance. There is not yet any coherent global system to generate an overview of progress and gaps at the global level, nor to orient public policies and learning processes within the affected countries. This initial review explores how these gaps could be filled. It also takes a first step toward doing so by bringing together insights from the current available systems for targeting and tracking financing to address drought risks through the three layers of actions, target indicators and evidence systems.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Drought Policy Alignment 2024
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    The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has established a Drought Initiative, under which the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has initiated a comprehensive program to address various aspects of drought and aid countries in their preparedness efforts. The program adopts a stepwise approach to address the policy dimension of integrated drought management and strengthen strategic drought preparedness at the country and regional levels, in line with the most renowned and innovative adopted approaches. The steps include a multi-criteria assessment of national drought plans, guidance for policy alignment, and case studies for peer-to-peer learning.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A rapid review of drought risk mitigation measures
    Integrated drought management
    2021
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    Droughts need not always cause humanitarian and economic disasters. Their effects on vulnerable communities and ecosystems can be mitigated by human institutions and actions. Preparedness for drought risks and mitigation of them can involve a range of different sectors and strategic entry points from water conservation and natural resource management to multi-hazard approaches, public education and conflict resolution. In light of the wealth of mitigation measures available, this knowledge product offers an overview of current and best practices. It has been developed in partnership with the Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) and in consultation with its many partners. Mitigation of drought risk and impacts is an essential element of Integrated Drought Management (IDM). This knowledge product is conceived as the second in a three-part series reflecting the established three pillars of IDM: (I) effective drought monitoring and early warning systems; (II) vulnerability and impact assessment; and (III) drought preparedness, mitigation and response. It builds on a previous IDMP publication that reviewed practices and policy recommendations for drought impact and vulnerability assessment. The following three types of measures for managing drought risks are explored: prevention, mitigation and preparedness; response and recovery; and transformation.

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