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Why Law Matters: Design Principles for Strengthening the Role of Forestry Legislation in Reducing Illegal Activities and Corrupt Practices










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    Project
    Ehancing Knowledge and Building Capacity on Forest-Related Legislation and Timber Legality - GCP/GLO/938/JPN 2021
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    Illegal logging is defined as the harvesting, transportation, sale or purchase of timber that violates international or national laws. It also encompasses violations in land use allocation agreements and permitting processes. When illegal logging activities occur, forests cannot be managed sustainably, which undermines major development objectives, including poverty alleviation, food security and climate change mitigation. This project was designed to combat illegal logging activities by enhancing the knowledge and building the capacities of stakeholders along the timber value chain in timber producing and consuming countries. This was done through the establishment of a user friendly database called TimberLex , which contains accurate and up to date information on timber legality and best international practices.
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    Document
    Tackling forest illegality in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific
    Successes, challenges and ways forward
    2012
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    Forest illegality occurs when forest products are harvested, transported, processed, bought or sold in violation of national or international laws, or when illegal deforestation takes place. It has been estimated that forest illegality costs governments more than US$10 billion per year in lost revenue. Corruption and poor governance provide an environment that perpetuates illegal behaviour. Inconsistent forest policies, unrealistic laws and insufficient institutional capacity to enforce them con tribute to illicit activities such as illegal logging. Other drivers include a lack of information about forest trends, as well as high demand for cheap timber in both domestic and export timber markets.
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    Article
    Illegal logging and trade of illegally-derived forest: Africa and the sustanable market
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Illegal logging is considered as a problem in Nigeria and Africa at large. Nigeria is being ranked as a high risk nation due to unregulated practices. It is being constituted as a threat for sustainability of forest management. In timber production-supply-consumption cycle, illegal logging mainly occurs in phase of forest felling, where it is difficult to identify and control all possible cases. The percentage of illegal logging is calculated as proportion of registered illegal cuttings and total cuttings in the country. Data capturing is a huge problem due to lack of modern capturing equipment and training. Seeking to reduce illegal logging, Forest Products Traceability Network has created a standard in conjunction with all stakeholders in Nigeria to work on improvement of forestry related legislation. The standard which is in alignment with the FSC and PEFC forest and forest products management standard will be used as yardstick to measure legal and illegal timber in the country. Why illegal logging thrived is because there is market for the illegally harvested timber. If illegalities must be eradicated, there should be a better alternatives for practices. Therefore, if premium market for timber products are assured, illegalities will easily be eradicated and people will embrace legality. Promoting trade of legal timber in the US/EU/Australia/Japan and other sustainable market is the best alternative and strong factor in making legality thrive in Africa. Unfortunately, EU, US and most Western countries that frowns on unsustainable practices are the ones indirectly promoting illegal logging especially in Nigeria. They buy from Asians (China, Vietnam, Indian) thinking they are buying from a managed forest and thereby not faulting any forestry laws. However, the fact is that these Asians buys from Nigeria and the rest of African countries illegally. Take it to their country and green washed them for sales to the EU, United States and other Western countries. Introducing the Nigerian legal logs to the EU and US sustainable timber market will not only boost transparency and traceability but will boost genuine promotion of a friendly environment and transparent adoption of the EUTR and United States Government Lacey Act for timber imports. Keywords: Forest, timber legality standard, logging, Africa and Western countries ID: 3481001

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