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Crop production and irrigation management under saline conditions






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    Vegetable cultivation with ridge sowing, farmyard manure, multi-cropping and integrated pest management under drought conditions in Pakistan 2018
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    This technology describes the introduction of ridge sowing, farmyard manure (FYM), multi-cropping and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices for vegetable production (okra, sunflower and sugarcane crops) in the Ghotki district in Pakistan. The construction of ridges or raised beds reduces the total area to which surface irrigation is applied, as only the areas between ridges or raised beds are flooded thus reducing water needs by 20-30 percent.
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    Terminal evaluation of the project "Sustainable management of mountainous forest and land resources under climate change conditions
    GCP/KYR/010/GFF
    2022
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    The project was designed to address the following interlinked barriers preventing sustainable land and forest management outcomes and building resilience to climate change in Kyrgyz mountain ecosystems: inadequate legal framework for sustainable forest and land management, inadequate land tenure reforms, outdated approaches to sustainable forest and land management, and limited capacity of local institutions. The project’s overall objective is to enhance the enabling environment in the forestry and agricultural sectors and sustain the flow of ecosystem services, including enhancement of carbon stocks in forests and agro-ecosystems through the sustainable management and enhanced productivity of mountainous silvo-agro-pastoral ecosystems, and to improve productivity and mountain livelihoods in the Kyrgyz Republic. Overall, the evaluation rated the project as “moderately satisfactory”, with several examples of positive new approaches introduced by the project into forestry, agriculture and pasture management. The evaluation included specific recommendations not only to FAO, but also to the national forestry service. One of the innovative recommendations is to revisit the project sites in five to ten years to check certain success factors, such as the tree survival rates.
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    Article
    Reorientation in management and utilization of non-timber forest products commodity based on the local knowledge under new forest management unit in Indonesian New Guinea
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Non-timber Forest Products have played the important roles to the entire livelihoods of the indigenous community living inside and outside the forest areas. These non-wood products are being ignored because of several reasons ranging from inadequate of formal regulations, which are mostly focused on timber harvesting,lack of data on their distributions in nature, less capital investment to their diversities is enormous made them difficult to put in the nomination focus. It seems that these forest product commodities are being neglected despite of their irreplaceable contribution of local and indigenous community in fulfilling their daily foods, energy, medicinal plants, protein, and other essential substances. Utilization of non-timber forest products in Indonesian New Guinea could be divided into seven classifications such as a) staple foods for carbohydrates, vitamin, mineral, protein and lipid, b) energy for daily cooking and warming traditional house or huts, c) material for traditional constructions of sea or river transportation, housing wall and roofing, d) sources of medicinal plants and herbs from nature, e) raw material for traditional handcraft (dyeing, natural fibres, sculpture), f) an extra income and informal works by direct selling their harvested non-timber commodities when their necessities are fulfilled, g) customary land right that could not be sold, transferred or replaced as natural forest providing shelter for ancestors, inspirations, magic, and others. Utilization of non-timber forest products have to be focused with local products already existed, and intervention could be focused for value added purposes such as branding, labeling, packaging, standardization, and marketing chain implemented as the new directions to improve direct contributions to local and indigenous community. Keywords: reorientation, Non-timber forest products, Indigenous knowledge, Indonesian New Guinea ID: 3486665

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