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Sustainable alternative fodder production to support vulnerable herders in the West Bank. Increasing profitability of livestock production to strengthen resilience to drought and market volatility within protracted crises

Resilience good practice








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    Alternative fodder production for vulnerable herders in the West Bank 2016
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    Unfavourable conditions due to an arid environment, access restrictions and a protracted crisis context have contributed to the fragility of local production systems in the West Bank, where most Bedouin families rely on livestock as their main source of income. Since 2011, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has been promoting the use of hydroponic technology (soil-less plant propagation) by vulnerable herders and their cooperatives, providing a low-cost, high quali ty source of fodder that is available year-round. This approach increases the profitability of livestock production and helps herders stay in business.
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    FAO-CIDA partnership - From responding to shocks to building resilience in the West Bank and Gaza Strip 2013
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    In the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS), recurrent conflict and restrictions over natural resources, markets and services are depriving families of their basic needs for survival and placing their ability to cope under severe strain. Food security and livelihoods have been directly impacted by controls on the movement of people and goods; impediments to construction and infrastructure investment; confiscation of land and natural resources; and the direct destruction of homes, crops, livestock as sets and infrastructure. Unable to produce food or earn income, many are becoming dependent on external aid. Small-scale farmers, herders and fishers in the WBGS are among the hardest hit populations, despite the potential of agriculture to reduce reliance on imported food, minimize vulnerability to international price hikes and increase economic access to food by enhancing employment and income. The loss of Palestinian land, limited access to markets, destruction of key agricultural assets (i ncluding water resources), and the separation of farmers from their fields and fishers from the sea continue to sever the rural poor from their livelihood.
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    Improving Agricultural Production in the Gaza Strip - MTF GAZ 008 OSF 2018
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    The agriculture sector in the Gaza Strip faces a number of systemic issues; most prominent is the depletion of its coastal aquifer, which is the only source of freshwater. The aquifer is also extremely polluted; and high groundwater salinity leads to poor plant performance for some of the most produced vegetables in the Gaza Strip. Against this background, it was necessary to introduce farm-level technologies that increase resource use efficiency and sustainably reduce groundwater consumption. One method of production that could contribute to this goal was soilless culture, also known as hydroponics. The project aimed to identify, assess and disseminate applicable, low-tech, hydroponic vegetable farming methods for sustainable agricultural production in the Gaza Strip, and promote its adoption.

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