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Haiti | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











​FAO. 2020. Haiti | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome. 



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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been facing chronic challenges linked to poverty, food insecurity, lack of access to basic services, armed conflict and insecurity, epidemics (cholera, Ebola virus disease [EVD], measles and malaria) and population displacement. Following the first reported case of COVID-19 in the country (March 2020), the Government declared a state of emergency and several urgent and essential measures were put in place, such as the closure of borders, the partial lockdown of Kinshasa with movement restrictions, and the closure of all schools. These restrictive measures were necessary but have affected a country that was already fragile, further exacerbating peoples’ vulnerabilities. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Nigeria | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Nigeria has been grappling for over a decade with an ongoing insurgency in the northeastern part of the country that has caused mass displacement and has drained both state and community resources. In addition, prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the country was emerging from an economic recession caused by lower than anticipated oil prices. Urgent and essential COVID-19 restrictions put in place by the Government (i.e. lockdowns in the most affected states, airport and border closures, and inter-state movement restrictions) have negatively affected agricultural activities across the country. Necessary health-related restrictions on interstate travel, market closures, limitations on the movement of workers and other constraints have affected both production and trade. As of early May 2020, the effects of the pandemic on agriculture and food systems in northeastern Nigeria had become evident, specifically in relation to food supply chains and interstate movements of agricultural produce, including both food commodities and animal feed. Vulnerable food system workers including petty traders, small- and medium-scale food processors and other value chain actors remain among those most at risk of financial hardship. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Ethiopia | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Ethiopia had already been confronting major vulnerabilities when COVID-19 emerged. The macroeconomic and development situation was strained and unemployment was high. Furthermore, social unrest – triggered by longstanding issues that could now be aired in a more open civic and political environment – had led to conflict, the loss of lives and property, and the internal displacement of 1.7 million people. The agriculture sector in particular is facing (i) a major desert locust invasion, (ii) erratic rainfall, and (iii) outbreaks of cholera, measles and yellow fever. A significant decline in purchasing power and food access had already been experienced in April–May due to the combined effects of increased food prices, the peak of the lean season in Belg-receiving areas, as well as reduced labour wages and income opportunities due to urgent and essential COVID-19 restrictions. The impacts of containment measures on food security in rural areas is expected to continue over the next months. In light of this, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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