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STATUS AND LESSONS LEARNED FROM SPECIAL, NATIONAL AND REGIONAL PROGRAMMES FOR FOOD SECURITY AND OTHER RELEVANT FAO FOOD SECURITY PROGRAMMES








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    Lessons Learned on Diversification Experiences in the Special Programmes for Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa 2011
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    This study aims to learn from short-cycle animal husbandry experiences within the framework of the Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) implemented in sub-Saharan Africa in order to disseminate good practices through new initiatives, for example: the National Programme for Food Security (NPFS); the Regional Programme for Food Security (RPFS); agricultural development projects; and the implementation of new policies on livestock breeding. Furthermore, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) includes national and regional agricultural investment projects comprising livestock. With specific reference to the “diversification” subcomponent of the SPFS, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has more than 10 years’ experience in setting up and monitoring semi-intensive breeding units at different levels based on the concept of sustainability and replicability; it has moved on from approaches that failed to ac hieve technical progress in traditional breeding in Africa. In the diversification component, the following short-cycle domestic species have been bred in semi-intensive units: small ruminants and poultry (chickens, ducks and guinea fowl). This innovative methodology has attracted the attention of various national and international donors who have provided considerable support. This study assesses activities carried out in 11 countries of Central and West Africa: Mali, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso, Togo, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Burundi, Central African Republic and Senegal. The projects are assessed to make a comparative analysis of the technological options adopted (in terms of production, feeding and marketing). Lessons have been learned and best practices identified; the advantages and disadvantages of different techniques in the light of the results obtained with local populations (in particular, women and youth organizations in the rural and urban communities) are analysed.
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