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Enhancing Aquaculture Development and Aquaculture and Fisheries Post-Harvest Value Chains in Central Asia - GCP/SEC/013/TUR








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    Book (series)
    Fisheries and aquaculture in Tajikistan: review and policy framework 2013
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    The fishery sector currently plays a minor role in development of the rural economy of Tajikistan. Its contribution to the country’s Gross National Product was in recent years less than 0.1 percent. Despite the availability of extensive water resources (ponds, reservoirs, lakes, rivers and channels), fish production has fallen from 4 000 tonnes in 1991 to 214 tonnes in 2006. As a consequence, fish consumption per capita has decreased to a level less than 0.5kg, compared to 3kg at the end of the 1980s. Fishery in Tajikistan started with the construction of Farkhadskiy and Kayrakkum reservoirs in the north of the Republic. Aquaculture development received the most attention. In the early 1960s the government carried out a large-scale program of fish farming development. Under this programme aquaculture farms with a total area of about 2 500 hectares (ha) were established. Production technologies included semi-intensive culture and extensive polyculture of carp in earthen ponds. Specie s cultured were common carp Cyprinus carpio carpio, silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, bighead carp H. nobilis, and grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. Aquaculture provided 70-80 percent of the marketed fish before independence. After independence the reform process of the economy led to a partly privatized fishery sector. The poorly managed privatization process negatively affected the fishery and aquaculture sector. Combined with a general economic crisis, breaking of communications an d dramatic decrease in trade with the former Soviet Union states, limited availability of commercial fish feeds and hatchery equipment, limited investment in research, training and education, the privatization process can be considered disastrous for the sector. At present the sector is slowly recovering but the severe winter in 2007/2008 (the coldest in over 25 years) set back the sector’s growth. The principal fishery sector governing body is the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA). Scientific rese arch is mainly carried out by the Department of Ichthyology and Hydrobiology of the Institute of Zoology and Parasitology under the Academy of Science, of Tajikistan and the Faculty of Ichthyology and Physiology of farm livestock of the Tajik Agrarian University. The MoA, recognizing the potential contribution of the capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors to rural poverty alleviation, achievement of food security and generation of alternative employment, has started to support actively the rehabilitation of the sector. Acknowledging that the country cannot develop the sector on its own, the MoA took a leading role in the initiation of regional collaboration, by organizing the first Regional Intergovernmental meeting to initiate the establishment of a Central Asian Fisheries Organization in November 2008. This FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular has three main aims. First, it is intended to inform those interested in fisheries and aquaculture in Tajikistan about the current situation with regard to fishery resources and their utilization in the country. Second, it attempts to provide background information in support of the national sectoral policy and strategy formulation process. Thirdly, it may serve as guidance for future interventions by the government and donors in support of the sustainable development and management of the sector.
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    Book (series)
    Report of the Sixth Meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee of the Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission, Astana, Kazakhstan, 31 May-1 June 2023 / Отчет шестого совещания технического консультативного комитета региональной комиссии по рыбному хозяйству и аквакультуре в центральной азии и на кавказе, Астана, Казахстан, 31 май -1 июнь 2023 2023
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    The Sixth Meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) was held y in Astana, Kazakhstan from 31st to 1st June 2023. The meeting was attended by participants from four of the Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission (CACFish) member countries, namely, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Türkiye. The following invited countries were present at the Meeting: Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The meeting was attended by 27 participants. The TAC discussed scientific recommendations on the following issues of relevance to CACFish: (i) species diversification in aquaculture diversification; (ii) regional safety code of practice for aquaculture and fishery: (iii) CACFish data collection system based on fishing gears; and (iv) gender in fishery and aquaculture: A regional synthesis. Each participating country provided a brief oral synthesis of their current development activities. In this context, the meeting noted the following: (i) significant progress had been made in updating legislative (laws and by-laws) and regulatory frameworks in the countries; (ii) government agencies in the region are increasingly prioritizing the aquaculture sector leading to an increase in private sector investment and growth; (iii) climate change is increasingly being viewed as a development constraint to the targeted growth of the sector; (iv) aquatic animal disease remains problematic in the region; and (v) in some countries there have been some improvements in aquafeed manufacturing and on-farm feed management. The Committee agreed on its work plan for 2023–2025 intersessional period. Шестое совещание Технического консультативного комитета (ТКК) состоялось с 31 мая по 1 июня 2023 года. На совещании присутствовали участники из четырех государств - членов Региональной комиссии по рыбному хозяйству и аквакультуре в Центральной Азии и на Кавказе (CACFish), а именно: Азербайджана, Кыргызстана, Таджикистана и Турции. На совещании также присутствовали представители следующих приглашенных стран, а именно: Грузии, Казахстана, Туркменистана, Украины и Узбекистана. Всего было 27 участников. ТКК обсудил научные рекомендации по следующим вопросам, имеющим отношение к CACFish: (i) Разнообразие видов в аквакультуре; (ii) Региональный Кодекс практики безопасности для аквакультуры и рыболовства; (iii) Система сбора данных CACFish на основе орудий лова; (iv) Гендерные вопросы в рыболовстве и аквакультуре: региональный синтез. В связи с этим, каждая страна-участница представила краткий отчёт о своей текущей деятельности в области развития. В связи с этим на совещании было отмечено следующее: (i) Значительный прогресс был достигнут в обновлении законодательной (законы и подзаконные акты) и нормативно-правовой базе в странах;(ii) Государственные учреждения в регионе все больше отдают приоритет сектору аквакультуры, что приводит к увеличению инвестиций.
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    Project
    Improving Food Security, Nutrition, Decent Work and Economic Growth through Sustainable Aquaculture - GCP/GLO/990/ROK 2023
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    Aquaculture has grown significantly in recent decades as a source of food, enhanced nutrition, income and livelihoods. Given the increasing reliance upon aquaculture worldwide, significant efforts are required in order to ensure the sustainable development of the sector, in particular related production. In October 2017, the Ninth Session of the Sub-Committee on Aquaculture of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI:AQ) recognized the growing global significance of sustainable aquaculture development and its potential contribution to global food security and nutrition, but also to the achievement of a number of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets. It further recognized the increasing need for implementation of best practices in aquaculture in a number of countries and regions and recommended the development by FAO of global Guidelines for Sustainable Aquaculture (GSA). These guidelines for policy-makers will aim to raise greater awareness within the aquaculture sector, and demonstrate alternative and integrated approaches, such as integrated fish and plant farming and climate-smart agriculture, in order to effectively participate in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The guidelines will be developed within the broader framework of FAO’s Common Vision for Sustainable Food and Agriculture and its five principles.

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