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The SFI conservation impact project: supporting forest-based solutions for climate- change mitigation and biodiversity conservation

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Nature based solutions for restoration of degraded forests and biodiversity conservation
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Bush encroachment is a serious land degradation phenomenon affecting up to 45 million hectares of Namibian land and has severe negative consequences on key ecosystem services, threatening biodiversity, water resources and the livelihoods of communities and farmers who depend on the land. It has led to decreased biodiversity, degradation of the functions and structures of ecological ecosystems, lowering the grasslands’ carrying capacity, displacement of wildlife, as well as impacting groundwater recharge. Encroachers include species such as Senegalia erubescens, S. fleckii, Vachellia nilotica, V. luederitzii, V. reficiens, Colophospermum mopane, Rhigozum trichotomum, Terminalia prunioides, T. sericea, S. mellifera, and Dichrostachys cinerea.

    The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international organisation promoting responsible forest management. FSC has been certifying forest management in savanna woodland and timber products produced such as charcoal in Namibia for 19 years, and has seen a rapid increase in forest management certification over the last 3 years. The poster will highlight the enabling conditions which contributed to the growth of approximately 1.5 million hectares (841%) of responsibly managed restoration efforts on FSC certified land in Namibia. This will include information on the FSC forest stewardship standard for Namibia developed by Namibian experts and stakeholders. The standard is focused on restoration of degraded forests and effective after-care measures and improved working conditions for workers. Information will also include supply chain integrity in charcoal supply chains from Namibia to European markets; biodiversity conservation via ecosystem services certification, development and implementation of user friendly technology to assist farmers with sustainable forest management practices and knowledge transfer; and how the use of materials developed by partners have assisted with best practices and local capacity development. Keywords: Deforestation and forest degradation, Knowledge management, Sustainable forest management, Partnerships, Value chain ID: 3486379
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    Forest landscapes restoration measures as a cost effective solution for climate change mitigation and adaptation in India
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Global deforestation and forest degradation have led to massive loss of biodiversity. Hence, it is important not only to protect but also restore the forest ecosystems. Forest biodiversity protection, biomass production and climate change mitigation and adaptation are important key motivation for forest restoration. Tree-based landscape restoration is a widely accepted cost-effective measure to combat climate change. India’s commitment of Nationally Determined Contribution to the Paris Agreement is to sequester additional 2.5 to 3 billion tons CO2 equivalent by 2030 through increased forest and tree cover and this ties in with the Bonn Challenge commitment to restore 21 mha of deforested and degraded lands by 2030 (now increased to 26 mha during UNCCD COP 14 meeting held in Sept. 2019) as well as the SDGs. This commitment can only be met if existing forests are protected and improved and tree cover is extended by 25 to 30 mha. The main objectives of the Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) in India is to reverse the process of degradation of forests & improve its productive potential, improve the regeneration of native flora & enrich the biodiversity, and enhance biomass production, carbon stocks & incomes of the rural households. For a successful FLR works in India, focus needs to be on proactive involvement of communities and local people, better coordination among the various government agencies and departments for effective implementation of project activities, robust Institutional mechanism, and continuous fund flow and support to sustain the activities and keep the restored areas intact. Here, we present how India can achieve the NDC and Bonn Challenge through forest landscape restoration. Potential to increase forest and tree cover and the carbon sequestration that can be achieved has been discussed. This will support planning for landscape restoration through the past and on-going initiatives which identifies different types of interventions implemented. Keywords: Deforestation and forest degradation; Climate change; Biodiversity conservation; Research; Landscape management ID: 3469382
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    Creating biodiversity safeguards for nature-based solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    There have been many trials and pilot experiments to mainstream biodiversity into the climate change regime through initiatives like REDD+ and Ecosystem based approaches. Nature-based Solutions (NbS) are being viewed as yet another opportunity to synergize climate and biodiversity actions. However, NbS is being promoted more as a climate solution than a biodiversity solution, while the word “nature” makes it seem like it may be good also for biodiversity. Past experiences show that not all forest-based projects conserved biodiversity, while some turned out to be harmful due to their “mitigation-centric” approach. Carbon sequestration by ecosystems is just a part of the overall services it provides, which include a range of provisioning, supporting, regulating and cultural services. All these are not accounted for when we focus on mitigation. This has led to a fear among the conservation community whether these solutions actually focus on biodiversity or just climate. It is important that NbS considers the overall value of nature beyond its carbon sink capability. Therefore, the socio-ecological systems mechanism needs to be well studied, both through the biodiversity and climate lens, to keep proper safety nets for biodiversity and dependent communities. In this background, this paper discusses: (i) trade-offs associated with former forest-based mechanisms under the climate regime; (ii) path shown by different organizations and researchers for the implementation of NbS; and (iii) ways to introduce biodiversity safeguards for NbS, considering social-ecological interactions. NbS is seen as a broad-spectrum solution and must advocate biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. NbS is taking an important position in both CBD and UNFCCC negotiations and future COPs will be instrumental in deciding the guidelines for NbS. This paper will add to the ongoing debate using also the available literature on NbS since its inception. Keywords: Climate change, Biodiversity conservation, Deforestation and forest degradation, Landscape management, Sustainable forest management ID: 3486767

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