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Togo | Humanitarian response (May–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











​FAO. 2020. Togo | Humanitarian response (May–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome.



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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Mali | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    On 25 March 2020, the first cases of COVID-19 were reported in Mali, in a context already marked by a security crisis and where the Government had just declared a state of emergency due to the deteriorating food security and nutrition situation. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, agricultural production in the country was affected by increased conflict caused by armed groups and intercommunity clashes, in the northern and central regions. During the 2017/18 and 2018/19 agricultural seasons, adverse weather conditions also led to large fodder deficits in the Sahelian strip, thus increasing the pressure on fodder resources. Following the first cases of COVID-19 reported in Mali, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health‑related containment measures, including border closures, a curfew for two weeks, no gatherings of more than 50 people and closed all schools. While market activity and movement of goods have not been restricted, logistical constraints and delays have accumulated. For many rural households, the pandemic and related necessary restrictions took place during a key period (April–June) with the harvesting of irrigated rice, the preparation of fields and the return of transhumant herders In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Haiti | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    During the past ten years, Haiti has been hit by multiple earthquakes and hurricanes, as well as a series of droughts linked to the El Niño phenomenon, irregular distribution of rainfall and floods while still facing cholera, diphtheria, malaria, a migration crisis and recurrent protection issues. These factors have caused widespread damage to crop, livestock and fish production, and to rural infrastructure, severely affecting the livelihoods of vulnerable households. Political instability, sharp inflation, the depreciation of the national currency and underlying poverty have also fuelled socio-political unrest over the last few years. Following confirmation of the first COVID-19 case on 19 March 2020, the Government declared a state of emergency, which has been prolonged until July 2020, and adopted essential containment measures to prevent the spread of the virus, including the closure of factories, schools, airports and ports, banning of meetings of more than ten people, night curfew, prohibition of informal street selling and reduced opening hours of public markets. The pandemic has further exacerbated the situation in an already fragile context, mainly causing: reduced availability of and access to food products, particularly due to the closure of the border with the Dominican Republic; increased food prices, including for staple foods such as beans, rice, sugar and vegetable oil; the slowdown/closure of economic activities; and market disruptions. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has therefore revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable populations.
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    Cameroon | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Cameroon remains affected by three major crises, namely the Boko Haram insurgency in the Far North, Central African refugees in the eastern part of the country, and the crisis in the North-West and South-West regions, in addition to being prone to natural disasters. Humanitarian access remains difficult in remote areas, depriving a large numbers of people of basic amenities and food aid. Insecurity in the Far North and blockages by armed groups in the North-West and South-West, have led to significant population displacements and forced humanitarian actors to suspend some of their activities, which has worsened the food security situation of the most vulnerable populations. These factors are significantly affecting people’s livelihoods, exacerbating their vulnerabilities and eroding their resilience. Following the first reported cases of COVID-19 in the country (6 March 2020), the Government put in place urgent and essential containment measures, including movement restrictions, limited transport, closure of land and sea borders, which have significantly affected the availability of and access to the production of food commodities. However, as certain measures have recently been lifted (May 2020), only 17 percent of the population has reported constraints in accessing markets. Overall, the effects of COVID-19 and the related containment efforts are expected to affect the food security and livelihoods of already vulnerable populations in the country. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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