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Report of a Technical Consultation to Promote Public-Private Partnerships for Pre-Breeding








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    Booklet
    Strengthening sector policies for better food security and nutrition results: Crops and varieties
    Policy Guidance Note No. 15
    2021
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    This policy guidance note is part of a series developed to support governments and their development partners in creating a policy and institutional environment to achieve sustainable food security and nutrition and meet SDG2. This note focuses on crops and varieties, the foundation of agriculture and food production, and outlines policies and actions needed to ensure that farmers have access to quality seeds and planting materials of well-adapted and preferred crop varieties. Good quality seeds and plant materials, of crop varieties which have desirable traits bred into them do not just happen; they have to be developed. This policy guidance note shows how this development depends on a continuum of activities to manage plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), from the conservation of plant genetic diversity, to the effective use of this diversity in breeding productive and nutritious crop varieties, to the delivery of seeds and planting materials to farmers. This note presents practical steps that governments may take in articulating policies and activities, drawing heavily from the Second Global Plan of Action for PGRFA, an internationally agreed framework for the conservation and sustainable use of PGRFA. This note helps policymakers to understand the potential of PGRFA to improve food security and nutrition, and to recognise this in their policies.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Introduction to pre-breeding
    E-learning fact sheet
    2020
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    This fact sheet describes the course that explains and defines pre-breeding and its context, identifying the situations to which it is best applied and its possible limitations. The potential of pre- breeding to make optimal use of the benefits represented by plant genetic resources is also outlined. The module introduces the criteria to define when pre-breeding is an advisable option, and introduces basic concepts of plant biology and genetics necessary to set up a successful pre-breeding programme.
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    Booklet
    Proactive approach proved key to survival for the Australian Pacific oyster industry
    Genetics in aquaculture: a case studies
    2023
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    The global Pacific oyster aquaculture sector is plagued by a disease caused by the Ostreid herpesvirus, known in some countries as Pacific oyster mortality syndrome (POMS). POMS first arrived in Australasia in 2010 and caused massive mortalities, especially of young oysters, sometimes bringing about close to 100 percent mortality. At that time the Pacific oyster industries in Australia and New Zealand had already initiated genetic breeding programmes for commercially important growth-related traits. As POMS arrived in the region and started to spread throughout the two countries, these breeding programmes were able to pivot to breeding for POMS resistance, which turned out to be a highly heritable trait and responded very well to selection such that by 2018, selected oysters had average survival rates of around 80 percent during POMS outbreaks. This case study traces the development of oyster breeding programmes in Australia and New Zealand and describes how the industry sectors were able to respond quickly to the new and immediate threat of POMS and how the existence of ongoing breeding programmes, supported by both public and private sector, was critical to saving the industry from being completely decimated by POMS and how the breeding programmes enabled relatively rapid recovery from POMS-related losses. The study identifies the critical role of public–private partnership in the success of the breeding programmes and identifies some of the funding mechanisms that ensured ongoing success of these programmes.

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