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Innovation in family farming in Europe and Central Asia











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    Book (stand-alone)
    Empowering smallholders and family farms in Europe and Central Asia
    Support to the implementation of the Regional Initiative on Empowering Smallholders and Family Farms (TCP/RER/3601) - Regional Synthesis Report
    2020
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    The farm structures in the countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia are highly diverse, but in most of the countries are still largely dominated by smallholders and family farms. Supporting smallholders and family farms is one of four priorities for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Europe and Central Asia, confirmed by the FAO Regional Conference in 2018. FAO established in the region in 2014 the Regional Initiative on Empowering Smallholders and Family Farms for Improved Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction (Regional Initiative 1) as a programmatic umbrella for the implementation of support to smallholders and family farms in the programme countries in the region. During 2018-2019, FAO REU conducted country studies on the needs and constraints of smallholders and family farms in eight countries of the region. Seven of these were funded from a regional project (TCP/RER/3601) and the Serbian study was financed from extra budgetary funds. The countries were selected from among those where smallholders and family farms dominate the farm structures and from the various sub-regions so that together they provide a regional overview. The countries covered in the report are Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, North Macedonia, Serbia and Tajikistan. The methodology was common among the eight country studies, although with some variations from country to country due to differences in national contexts. The eight studies were elaborated by national experts supported by international consultants and FAO technical guidance. The research methodology combines the use of desk research and statistics, interviews with key stakeholders, workshops with key stakeholders and decision makers, and the use of qualitative cases.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Family farming in Europe and Central Asia 2016
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    This paper presents an analysis of the characteristics of family farming in Europe and Central Asia and discusses its role in overcoming some of the major development challenges in this region. This paper addresses three basic questions. First, what does the family farm mean for the actors involved in it? Secondly, why, how and under what conditions is family farming important to society as a whole? And thirdly, will family farming be relevant, attractive and important in the future of Europe a nd Central Asia? The paper also presents some key recommendations and discusses the enabling policy environment that should be built and deployed to overcome the challenges family farmers face.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FAO Regional Initiative: Empowering smallholders and strengthening family farms for improved rural livelihoods and poverty reduction in Europe and Central Asia 2016
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    Since the land reforms of the 1990s, dualistic farm structures characterize the landscape of most transition countries in Europe and Central Asia, with large numbers of small subsistence and semi commercial family farms. Poverty, social vulnerability and other difficulties could prevent rural communities from fulfilling their role as important building blocks of food security. By enhancing productivity and income levels through sustainable intensification of production, better organization, ade quate services and integration into agrifood value chains, this Regional Initiative can contribute to the global goals of eradicating rural poverty and achieving food security and sustainable growth. Activities focus on sustainable management of agricultural land and water resources; sustainable intensification of smallholders’ production; strengthening the organizations of small producers and family farms; and enhancing access to rural services – such as advisory services and micro-loans.

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