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Agriculture-related investments in disaster risk reduction and management. Preliminary findings

Global and regional trends between 2004 and 2016










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    Project
    Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development - TCP/BIH/3706 2022
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    Bosnia and Herzegovina does not have countrywide disaster risk reduction ( strategic frameworks that ensure the integration of risk reduction into relevant development (including sectoral) policies across government levels As a result, DRR has not been truly mainstreamed into various sectors, norms, standards and regulations necessary to manage and reduce risk, while existing policies and legislation still focus on rescue and relief activities Disaster Risk Management ( in the country is affiliated with constructing flood defences and reinforcing or upgrading infrastructure, with most efforts invested in strengthening capacities for disaster management The country has established DRR platforms at state and entity levels, which have aimed to serve as multistakeholder mechanisms for coordination and policy guidance on DRR since 2011 However, these are not yet fully functional and remain detached from DRR related policy design and delivery, especially at municipal level Although the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 2030 recommends that DRR platforms have multilevel and multistakeholder composition, and pursue an all of society engagement in DRR, many sectors remain excluded from DRR exchange in the country (e g health, education, social protection, urban planning, agriculture) In addition, at the local level, there are no functional DRR platforms, which affects coordination in this domain The current Technical Cooperation Programme ( project complemented part of FAO’s activities within the Joint Programme ,,“Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina 2018 2020 (UNJP/ 011 / which is supported and financed by the Government of Switzerland and the United Nations ( and implemented by the UN agencies United Nations Development Programme ( United Nations Children's Fund ( United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( United Nations Population Fund ( and FAO, in partnership with domestic authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina The long term programme vision entails functional DRR governance across various levels and sectors in the country, conducted in three phases The first programme phase was designed as a platform for further horizontal scaling up of a good DRR model at the local level, as well as a springboard to a bottom up strengthening of a countrywide DRR governance framework and capacities.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Integrated flood management for resilient agrifood systems and rural development 2023
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    This report presents a perspective on the impacts of flooding in rural areas and how to address them in an integrated way that delivers multiple long-term benefits for people (food, water, and economic security) and nature. The challenges faced by rural communities are illustrated and a strategic approach to flood management is presented. The approach advocated is based on a paradigm of planning that connects the short and long term, seeks to simultaneously manage flood risk to people, their agrifood systems, related livelihoods and the economy, while promoting the positive (and necessary) role floods play in maintaining productive agriculture (and aquaculture) and ecosystem health. In doing so, the approach embeds the concepts of disaster risk reduction (DRR) that are integral to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, which contributes to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the crucial need to progress at pace towards the Sustainable Development Goals. The report highlights how flood management practice has evolved throughout history largely in response to flood events. This heuristic approach has yielded some important advances in both policy and planning. Central to this has been the shift from a reactive emergency-based response towards a proactive approach aimed at reducing and managing flood risks. There is however more to do. Recognizing that rural areas have received disproportionately less attention, and current approaches to planning and management are less well established in rural areas compared to urban areas (Asian Development Bank, 2018), a small number of recommendations are set to help make more rapid progress towards flood resilience in rural settings.
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    Document
    FAO Regional Programme Framework for Disaster Risk Management 2010 -2013
    Reducing and managing disaster risk to improve food and livelihood security in Eastern and Central Africa
    2010
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    Each year, countries in the Eastern and Central region of Africa (ECA) experience the highest number of natural hazards and people -induced disasters in all of Africa. More and more people are adversely affected by natural hazards, such as droughts and floods, as well as crop and livestock diseases, civil conflicts, unstable market conditions and volatile food prices, gender inequalities and HIV. As they result in the loss of lives, assets and livelihoods, these natural and people-induced disast ers affect men and women differently and, at the same time, weaken the social support systems. Given the complex nature of often simultaneous and protracted crises affecting ECA, coordinated action towards adopting a more holistic approach is needed. Such an approach would integrate disaster risk reduction (pre-disaster preparedness, prevention and mitigation) into emergency response and post-disaster recovery strategies. In line with this need, FAO has elaborated a new Strategic Framewo rk that will serve as the foundation for the regional disaster risk management (DRM) programme in Eastern and Central Africa. The regional approach is based on the new corporate strategy aimed at improving preparedness and response to food and agricultural threats and emergencies by effectively linking short- and long-term interventions through disaster risk reduction (preparedness, prevention and mitigation), emergency response and transition options. This Regional DRM Programme Framewo rk provides an integrated approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR) and DRM interventions on natural hazards, crises and threats common to countries in ECA and acts as a platform for the development of national Plans of Action (PoAs). This Framework is intended as a working document, subject to change, aimed at supporting the development and implementation of DRR and DRM efforts in food and agriculture in coordination with governments, regional economic commissions (RECs), African Union (AU), UN -system, particularly the other two Rome-based agencies (the World Food Programme [WFP] and the International Fund for Agricultural Development [IFAD]), NGOs and other stakeholders in the region. Three main programme priorities are foreseen for 2010-2013: (1) to enhance and promote risk reduction concepts and practices in programming; (2) to increase the timeliness and quality of emergency response to disasters, crises and threats; and (3) to integrate transition concepts and linkages related t o transforming risks into programming. The overall objective of the Regional DRM Programme Framework is to lessen the adverse impacts of hazards, to reduce vulnerability and to strengthen community resilience, in an effort to help the countries in the region to become more food secure and to enable them to focus on developing sustainable food and agriculture systems. The following countries will be covered by this regional programme: Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Somalia, Tanzania and Uganda.

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