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Terminal evaluation of the project "Sustainable management of mountainous forest and land resources under climate change conditions

GCP/KYR/010/GFF











Management response

Follow-up report


FAO. 2022. Terminal evaluation of the project "Sustainable management of mountainous forest and land resources under climate change conditions". Project Evaluation Series, 02/2022. Rome.



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    Project
    Sustaining Mountainous Forest and Land Resources under Climate Change in Kyrgyzstan - GCP/KYR/010/GFF 2022
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    Kyrgyz forests face severe degradation as a result of overharvesting for fuelwood and housing construction, overgrazing on forest lands, population growth and a lack of financial resources for forest management. A further threat to the sector is climate change, a factor that will define the future state of mountain ecosystems and increase environmental pressures on sensitive habitats. The aim of the project was to enhance the enabling environment in the forestry and agricultural sectors and to contribute to the sustainable management and enhanced productivity of mountainous agrosilvopastoral ecosystems and improved mountain livelihoods in the Kyrgyz Republic.
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    Project
    Sustainable Livelihoods and Climate Resilience through Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and Agroforestry (AF) Best Practices in the Northwestern Mountainous Region of Viet Nam - TCP/VIE/3701 2023
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    The six northwestern provinces of Viet Nam Hoa Binh Son La, Dien Bien, Lai Chau, Yen Bai and Lao Cai are endowed with rich natural resources that play a crucial role in watershed management for such key river systems as the Da and Ma rivers The six provinces cover a total land area of approximately 5 64 million ha and provide a home to 4 43 million people, of whom 3 35 million are ethnic minorities The provinces are among the poorest regions of the country, with more than 80 percent of the population dependent on agriculture for its livelihood The region has 3 9 million ha of agriculture and forestry land, of which 80 percent is dedicated to forestry and 20 percent to farming In addition to the effect of population pressure on arable land, the expansion of agricultural production onto hilly and sloping land, and the prevalence of maize mono cropping have caused serious deforestation, the degradation of agro ecosystems and landscape fragmentation In addition, the region is characterized by fragile ecosystems, unstable geology and complex topography, and is highly vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters Despite this crucial situation, the introduction of important counter measures, such as tree based intercropping, remains limited Barriers to the large scale adoption of such practices in the region include widespread outdated cultivation practices, a lack of knowledge of climate smart agriculture ( and agroforestry ( practices and significant investment requirements In addition, given the prevalence of monoculture, there is little incentive for farmers, who have limited access to education and an extension system, to diversify their income The aim of the project was thus to enhance the capacities of the government and upland communities to scale up CSA/AF best practices in the Northwestern Mountainous Region of Viet Nam.
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    Book (series)
    Resilience analysis in the target areas of "Carbon Sequestration through Climate Investment in Forests and Rangelands (CS-FOR)" project in the Kyrgyz Republic
    FAO Resilience Analysis Report No. 18
    2019
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    The Kyrgyz Republic is one of the most climate vulnerable countries in Central Asia. Situated on the north-east, and located– between the Tien Shan and the Pamir mountain systems), it is considered one of the least accessible countries in the world. Its isolation poses is a vast obstacle to trade and transportation, further amplified by inadequate infrastructure. Rainfall has been highly inconsistent and large parts of the country experienced a decrease in the precipitation in the last two decades, together with an increase in the temperature (more intense droughts with consequences on crop production and availability of water for livestock). Forests and pastures are particularly sensitive to climate change, and the reduced productivity of pastures, the declining resilience of forest ecosystems and the increased exposure to natural disasters, are increasing the overall vulnerability of communities and negatively affecting rural livelihoods. In view of the rising awareness of the impact of climatic change, building resilience to climate change has naturally become one of the major goals for institutional bodies (both national and international). The report presents the linkage between resilience and climatic change impact in order to test the reactivity of households and thereby verify the importance of different coping strategies available in the household context in their ability to impact the level of Resilience Capacity Index (RCI) and their climate sensitivity.

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