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Analysing beef price incentives to strengthen policies for production and exports in Uganda

Technical note








Nkuingoua Nana, J.C. & Pernechele, V. 2023. Analysing beef price incentives to strengthen policies for production and exports in Uganda  Technical Note. Rome, FAO.



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    Analysing milk price incentives to strengthen policies for dairy production and exports in Uganda
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    2022
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    The dairy sector accounts for 6.5 percent of Uganda’s agricultural gross domestic product and is a key industry outlined in Uganda’s Third National Development Plan. Dairy export revenues reached a record high of UGX 358.6 billion in the period 2017–2020, but despite the impressive growth, dairy export values fell short of the Agro-Industrialisation Programme targets of UGX 368.7 billion for the first year. The dairy sector is also hampered by low milk productivity and demand, a large informal sector, and non-tariff barriers to international trade. This study, produced jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and Uganda’s Dairy Development Authority, reviews price incentives to smallholder dairy producers by assessing the effects of trade and market policies and dynamics on domestic milk prices in Uganda from 2005 to 2021, using indicators such as the nominal rate of protection (NRP), nominal rate of assistance (NRA) and the market development gap (MDG). These indicators reveal that milk farmers and traders receive prices below the international-equivalent price due to a largely informal and poorly integrated market, prohibitive marketing costs, and a drop in international demand of Ugandan milk. The study recommends increasing market access and commercialization of the sector by improving transport infrastructure, addressing food and mouth disease, diversifying export markets, incentivizing formalization through a training and certification scheme, and supporting a commodity manufacturing cooperative to promote value addition. This report informed the formulation and adoption of the Dairy Policy Action Plan by the Dairy Development Authority.
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    Beefing up: An analysis of Uganda's beef export competitiveness - Technical note
    Monitoring and Analysing Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP)
    2022
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    The livestock sector accounts for about 17 percent of agricultural value added and 4.3 percent of Ugandan GDP. Among the livestock subsectors, cattle is the most important one, as Uganda has 14.2 million cattle, of which 11.9 million are raised for meat. However, despite the variety of investments for the production and exports of the livestock products put in place by the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry & Fisheries (MAAIF), Ugandan beef exports have decreased over the last years. Consequently, beef export competitiveness and diversification were identified as two of the top agricultural policy reform priorities for the Uganda following consultations with the Uganda Beef Platform Secretariat, which includes members of the Uganda Agribusiness Alliance (UAA), the EU-funded "Developing a market-oriented and environmentally sustainable beef meat industry in Uganda" Project (MOBIP) and of the Beef Policy and Advocacy Taskforce. This technical report looks at the export competitiveness of beef meat, and skins and hides, by analysing export specialization patterns, market diversification and regulatory requirements, among others. It also outlines characteristics of beef-exporting firms in Uganda and the role informal trade plays for this commodity. As a policy tool, it provides a set of conclusions and policy interventions to “beef up” Ugandan exports of fresh beef, frozen beef, and skins and hides, so that these exports become more competitive and attractive for global, inclusive markets.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    FPMA Bulletin #11. 10 December 2015
    Monthly Report on Food Price Trends
    2015
    International prices of wheat and maize generally declined in November and were lower than a year earlier. Overall, ample global supplies and weak export demand weighed on quotations. The FAO Rice Price Index remained on a decreasing trend, influenced by declines in Japonica and Aromatic rice prices. In Southern Africa, maize prices rose further in November and doubled their year-earlier levels in some markets, reflecting tight market supplies due to a sharp subregional production decline in 20 15. Dry conditions affecting the start of the 2016 crop season and a general depreciation of domestic currencies in the subregion added to upward pressure on prices. In East Africa, significant cereal price increases were observed in most countries of the subregion in November. Prices reached exceptionally high levels in South Sudan, due to the current economic downturn, as well as in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania, as a result of sustained regional demand and reduced harvests this year. In the Caribbean, below-average harvests due to prolonged dry weather associated with the El Niño phenomenon underpinned prices in November. In Haiti, prices of domestically-produced maize and beans were well above those of a year earlier, while in the Dominican Republic prices of beans were some 40 percent higher than at the same time last year.

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