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Strengthening water governance to support food security and prevent water scarcity










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Water Scarcity Management - Addressing water scarcity in agriculture and food systems 2019
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    Water scarcity is among the five crises set to have the greatest impact in the next decade. Four billion people currently live with severe water scarcity for at least one month a year. Agriculture is the economic sector likely to suffer most, drawing around 70 percent of global fresh water. Global dietary changes and population growth are set to lift water demand even more. FAO’s Global Framework on Water Scarcity in Agriculture (WASAG), with commitments by its 59 partners, aims to tackle these issues. FAO has developed this programme to bring new evidence and tools to fight water scarcity, address growing competition for scarce water resources, promote water-use best practices, provide tools to cope with droughts, and empower women to access water for agriculture.
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    Booklet
    KnoWat project results and activities
    Rwanda, Senegal and Sri Lanka
    2023
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    The project “Knowing water better: towards a more equitable and sustainable access to natural resources” (KnoWat) has built stronger water governance processes in Rwanda, Senegal and Sri Lanka. KnoWat has strengthened national capacities in water accounting and water productivity in agriculture, using the latest remote sensing technologies and training hundreds of water experts. This short publication summarizes the key accomplishments of the project, which was implemented by FAO in close cooperation with partners at global, country and local levels, and funded by the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Germany (BMEL). KnoWat has also developed and tested a methodology for assessing water tenure to shed light on the rules and regulations governing access and allocation of water resources. This information is crucial for improving water use, ensuring the equitable allocation of water resources and increasing the resilience of societies to climate change. Our capacity to manage and use water resources efficiently and equitably requires us to understand the quantity and quality of water that is available and the rules that govern access to water. Around the world, countries struggle to adapt agricultural and food systems to conditions of water scarcity, climate change and increased competition between resource users. A greater focus on water accounting and water governance is crucial for addressing water scarcity in a changing climate to ensure food and water security for all. It is hoped that the project will improve our understanding of water and will strengthen the institutions and people responsible for managing a resource that is critical to the livelihoods and food security of all people and a foundation of natural ecosystems.
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    Project
    Improving Food Security through Strengthened Water Governance in Rwanda, Senegal and Sri Lanka - GCP/GLO/907/GER 2023
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    Around the world, countries are struggling to adapt their agriculture and food systems to conditions of water scarcity, climate change and increased competition. As well as the excess of demand over available supply, this phenomenon can also be caused by a lack of adequate infrastructure as a result of financial, technical or other constraints, or the scarcity of access to reliable water services. The failure of institutions to ensure a secure and equitable supply of water to different users can also affect the availability of water, jeopardizing food security and livelihoods. With smallholders particularly vulnerable to changes in water availability and access, greater focus on water governance for agriculture and food security is needed if the underlying issues of water scarcity in a changing climate are to be addressed. In this context, the objective of the KnoWatproject was that, by 2020, water governance processes in Rwanda, Senegal and Sri Lanka should be supported through inclusive, evidence-based water resources assessments, consisting of water accounting, auditing and tenure assessments and involving key stakeholders and water users.

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