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Fisheries and aquaculture in Georgia: current status and planning









Van Anrooy, R.; Mena Millar, A.; Spreij, M. (eds) Fisheries and aquaculture in Georgia – Current status and planning. FAO Fisheries Circular. No. 1007. Rome, FAO. 2006. 160p.


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    Capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Kyrgyz Republic: current status and planning. 2008
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    Annual fish production in the Kyrgyz Republic (or Kyrgyzstan) has fallen significantly since independence in 1991. In 1991, fish production (inland and aquaculture) was estimated at more than 1 361 tonnes. By 2006, it had decreased to 71 tonnes. In the same period, more than 90 percent of state fish farms were privatized as part of the economic changes that followed the breakup of the former Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics. In February 2007, the Government of Kyrgyzstan, throug h the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Processing Industry (MAWRPI), requested FAO to provide technical assistance for the sustainable development and management of the fishery sector in the country. FAO, through its European Community (EC)/FAO facility for consultancy services, approved Project GCP/GLO/162/EC – Kyrgyzstan – “Development of inland fisheries and aquaculture in the Kyrgyz Republic to reduce rural food insecurity”. This FAO Fisheries Circular has two main ai ms. First, it is intended to inform those interested in fisheries and aquaculture in Kyrgyzstan about the current situation with regard to fishery resources and their utilization in the country. Second, it attempts to provide an example of a consultative and participatory policy framework development process, which might be of use also for other countries in transition in the Central Asian region. The documents presented here are considered as final versions and cleared as such by the Department of Fisheries (DOF) of the MAWRPI. The documents are also available in Russian language from the DOF in Bishkek. The Review of capture Fisheries and aquaculture in the Kyrgyz Republic is presented in Part I of this Fisheries Circular. Part II contains the final version of the Strategy for fisheries and aquaculture sector development and management in the Kyrgyz Republic (2008–2012).
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    Book (series)
    Inland capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Uzbekistan: current status and planning. 2009
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    Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan, requested assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), under its Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP), for the sustainable development and management of the fisheries sector in the country. FAO approved the project “Development of strategic partnerships in support of responsible fisheries and aquaculture development in Uzbekistan”, TCP/UZB/3103 (D), in August 2007. This FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circula r has two main aims. First, it intends to inform those interested in inland capture fisheries and aquaculture in Uzbekistan about the current situation with regard to fishery resources and their utilization in the country. Second, it attempts to provide the results of a participatory policy and strategy framework development process, which might be of use also for other countries in transition in the Central Asian region. The two documents presented in this Fisheries and Aquaculture Ci rcular are considered final versions and cleared as such by the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan. They are also available in the Russian language from the ministry. The document entitled “Review of the current status of inland capture fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Uzbekistan” is presented in Part I of this circular. The document entitled the “Conception of aquaculture and capture fisheries development of the Republic of Uzbekistan , 2008–2016” is contained in Part II.
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    Fisheries and aquaculture in Tajikistan: review and policy framework 2013
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    The fishery sector currently plays a minor role in development of the rural economy of Tajikistan. Its contribution to the country’s Gross National Product was in recent years less than 0.1 percent. Despite the availability of extensive water resources (ponds, reservoirs, lakes, rivers and channels), fish production has fallen from 4 000 tonnes in 1991 to 214 tonnes in 2006. As a consequence, fish consumption per capita has decreased to a level less than 0.5kg, compared to 3kg at the end of the 1980s. Fishery in Tajikistan started with the construction of Farkhadskiy and Kayrakkum reservoirs in the north of the Republic. Aquaculture development received the most attention. In the early 1960s the government carried out a large-scale program of fish farming development. Under this programme aquaculture farms with a total area of about 2 500 hectares (ha) were established. Production technologies included semi-intensive culture and extensive polyculture of carp in earthen ponds. Specie s cultured were common carp Cyprinus carpio carpio, silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, bighead carp H. nobilis, and grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. Aquaculture provided 70-80 percent of the marketed fish before independence. After independence the reform process of the economy led to a partly privatized fishery sector. The poorly managed privatization process negatively affected the fishery and aquaculture sector. Combined with a general economic crisis, breaking of communications an d dramatic decrease in trade with the former Soviet Union states, limited availability of commercial fish feeds and hatchery equipment, limited investment in research, training and education, the privatization process can be considered disastrous for the sector. At present the sector is slowly recovering but the severe winter in 2007/2008 (the coldest in over 25 years) set back the sector’s growth. The principal fishery sector governing body is the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA). Scientific rese arch is mainly carried out by the Department of Ichthyology and Hydrobiology of the Institute of Zoology and Parasitology under the Academy of Science, of Tajikistan and the Faculty of Ichthyology and Physiology of farm livestock of the Tajik Agrarian University. The MoA, recognizing the potential contribution of the capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors to rural poverty alleviation, achievement of food security and generation of alternative employment, has started to support actively the rehabilitation of the sector. Acknowledging that the country cannot develop the sector on its own, the MoA took a leading role in the initiation of regional collaboration, by organizing the first Regional Intergovernmental meeting to initiate the establishment of a Central Asian Fisheries Organization in November 2008. This FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular has three main aims. First, it is intended to inform those interested in fisheries and aquaculture in Tajikistan about the current situation with regard to fishery resources and their utilization in the country. Second, it attempts to provide background information in support of the national sectoral policy and strategy formulation process. Thirdly, it may serve as guidance for future interventions by the government and donors in support of the sustainable development and management of the sector.

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