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Exemplary valuation of natural resource assets and ecosystem services - Key messages









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    Exemplary valuation of natural resource assets and ecosystem services - Cold Winter Deserts of Central Asia 2022
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    Cold winter deserts (CWD) are biomes having annual precipitation below 100 mm, which occurs mainly in winter and part of spring of the year. The extreme temperatures vary between -45°C in winter and +50°C in summer. Many of these deserts are inland areas separated from oceanic moisture by mountain ranges. An example of this is cold winter desert lying somewhere between Northern Iran and Mongolia through Central Asia, with its enormous area of land masses overlying mainly (95%) on Central Asian countries. Despite harsh climatic conditions that prevail over the CWD of Central Asia, there are numerous benefits derived from these deserts that are crucial for livelihoods of the population living there. These benefits are derived in form of various ecosystem services from the CWD. This study was conducted under the Central Asia Desert Initiative (CADI) project, aimed at conservation and adaptive use of cold winter deserts in Central Asia. The objective of the study in Uzbekistan was to assess the value of natural resource assets and ecosystem services (ES) to proximate communities to create awareness of desert ecosystem’s importance (i.e., how natural resources and ES services or lack of them impact the quality of life for community stakeholders, particularly those reliant upon forest and rangelands for their livelihoods).
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    Proceedings from the International Cold Winter Desert Conference
    Central Asian Desert Initiative, 2-3 December 2021, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
    2022
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    The Proceedings from the International Conference on Cold Winter Deserts contain key highlights and outcomes of the conference, presenting research results of the work undertaken in the scope of temperate deserts. The cold winter – also referred to as temperate – deserts, spreading from northern Islamic Republic of Iran across Central Asia to Mongolia – are globally outstanding nature regions. They are an important migration area for birds and the last wild herds of ungulates, such as the Saiga antelope. The enormous land masses deliver a broad range of ecosystem services. Despite their ecological importance, temperate deserts are, according to a study by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), one of the least recognized biomes worldwide. Yet, these deserts, their habitats and species are threatened by desertification caused by overexploitation for firewood collection, inappropriate grazing practices, and large-scale infrastructure development. Ninety-five percent of the temperate deserts are located in Central Asia – hence this region carries a high responsibility for the preservation of this biome. Against this background, the Central Asian Desert Initiative (CADI) aims at preserving biological diversity and the conservation and sustainable use of cold winter deserts in Central Asia. Therefore, in close coordination with local partners, a wide package of measures shall be implemented in the main target countries Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. CADI is jointly implemented by the University of Greifswald (Germany), the Michael Succow Foundation (Greifswald, Germany) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Sub-regional Office for Central Asia (Ankara, Türkiye). This publication is a result of the Central Asian Desert Initiative (CADI) project as part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.
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    Building capacity of small vegetable growers inhabiting in the cold winter desert of Uzbekistan 2021
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    International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas for Central Asia and the South Caucasus (ICARDA-CAC), in cooperation with the Research Institute of Vegetable, Melon and Potato Production of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Uzbekistan, conducted two training workshops, one each in Bukhara and Navoiy regions. The objective of the workshop was to improve nutritional security and increase income of the rural famers living under harsh climatic conditions of cold winter desert through enhanced capacity.

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