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    Final report 1982
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    This report describes the activities of a master fisherman who worked with the project from October 1979 to April 1982. He analyzed the operations of purse seiners operating in the Gulf of Suez and recommended improvements which could substantially reduce the number of fishermen employed on each boat; he participated in a survey of conditions in West Sinai following its restoration to Egypt and made recommendations for future developments in the area; he carried out trials in the PDRY with botto m long lines and ring nets, the latter being very effective for catching 'flat herring’; and he carried out repairs to the project vessel in the Sudan. His main activities were concerned with the establishment of a community fishing Centre in Quseir, Egypt, being intimately involved not only with experimental fishing and training of fishermen but also with the physical and administrative structure of the Centre. He introduced gill netting into the area, demonstrating very clearly the potential o f this type of fishing and was actively concerned in the establishment of a number of very successful fishing camps on the Egyptian Southern Red Sea coast. Recommendations are made about the future development of the Centre both as regards its organization and the technical considerations involved.
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    Final report 1984
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    The paper presents the final report of the master fisherman who joined the Project (RAB/81/002) during December 1982. His duty station was Port Sudan, with sub-stations at Mohammed Qol and Arakiyia, plus other fishing camps. He replaced the previous master fisherman who had left in August, 1982. His terms of reference with: assisting the Cooperatives in the operation of fishing boats and handling, storing, transporting and marketing their catch; maintaining of the Project boats and fishing equip ment provided to the sub-station, either by the FAO or the Government; designing, constructing and maintaining relevant, improved or new fishing gear; introducing of proven modifications or innovations into the existing fishery, through demonstration and on-the-job training of fishermen and extension workers; continually assessing the fishing situation and conditions in the areas of his activities; identifying technical shortcomings and the needs as felt by the fishermen and their communities, a nd assisting in the formulation of local fishery development activities, taking into account related socio-economic factors and utilization distribution aspects; performing other related duties as identified by himself or the Project manager, and keeping all people concerned continually informed of his activities.
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    Report on the exploratory socio-economic survey of the Egyptian Red Sea fisheries 1979
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    The Egyptian Red Sea coast is approximately 1630 km in length. The main fishery centres are Suez, Hurghada and Quseir on the western side. El-Tor fishing centre, located on the eastern side of the Gulf of Suez was under Israeli control when this report was being prepared. The yearly average catch of the Red Sea fisheries has been estimated at approx. 16000 tons. The fishing fleet consists of 287 motorized boats powered by engines from 8-400 HP, and 158 sail and row boats. The medium and larger m otorized boats use trawling and purse seine or both either in or out of the Gulf of Suez. Boats is marketed fresh (iced) and in small parts salted and dried. Pricing is considered a complicated problem, both for fishermen and for the authorities. Inadequate pricing has given rise to black market of fish. The total number of fishermen is about 3700. The Suez Fishing Centre area is the densest followed by Quseir and Hurghada. The majority of fishermen have no other occupation. Some owners of motor ized boats participate in the fish trade. Also, the big fish traders own all or part of some fishing boats. The standard of living is rather low, especially for small owners and labourers. Most of the fishermen depend mainly upon fish traders to supply them with loans to finance their business and personal requirements. There is a trend among the fishermen to leave fishing for other activities for the following reasons: the pollution caused by oil prospecting operations; security regulations hav e limited fishing operations; the prohibition of fishing operations near some islands restricts fishing areas, especially for the small boats which cannot operate far from the coast; lack of a rational fish pricing systems; the inadequacy of social services and relatively high wages in mining, construction and touristic projects which entice fishermen to leave fishing activities; lack of proper facilities on the landing sites hampers fishing operations. The Fishermen Cooperative Societies (FCS) in Suez, Hurghada and Quseir are considered as the main fishermen's organizations. However, the activities of these FCS arc very limited mainly due to lack of funds. Because of the numerous authorities supervising the Red Sea fisheries, an overlap occurs which, coupled with lack of coordination, given rise to conflicting decisions and inadequate use of available resources.

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