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Central African Republic | Response overview (May 2021)











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    Northern Mozambique | Response overview – January 2022
    Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa
    2022
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    According to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis, nearly 1.9 million people are experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) in Mozambique, including almost 40 000 people in emergency (IPC Phase 4). About 71 percent (1.3 million people) of these people are in four provinces: Cabo Delgado, Niassa, Nampula and Zambézia. The main cause of food insecurity is the ongoing conflict in Cabo Delgado and its spillover effects. The number of people displaced by the crisis has risen sharply from 110 000 in March 2021 to over 820 000 in December 2021, according to government estimates. Other key drivers include: the shortage of rainfall or irregular rains in parts of Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula and Tete provinces; increasing food prices; and the impact of necessary restrictive measures to confine the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. FAO continues to take a leadership role in the agriculture livelihood response across Mozambique, including in the most remote areas in the north. This includes investing in the agriculture sector (crops, fisheries, livestock and forestry) to restore livelihoods and enhance food security and nutrition for the most vulnerable internally displaced people (IDP) and host community populations. The timely provision of seeds, tools and technical assistance and planting of crops produces enough nutritious food to guarantee self-sufficiency for three to six months for an average household of five. This document provides an overview of FAO's humanitarian response in Mozambique in 2021 and outlines key priorities for 2022.
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    Southern Madagascar | Response overview (May 2021) 2021
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    Southern regions of the Republic of Madagascar are currently facing a severe food insecurity and malnutrition crisis due to multiple shocks such as drought, sandstorms, plant and animal pests and diseases, and the impact of COVID-19. This has triggered about 42 percent of the population is facing crisis or worse levels of food insecurity, of whom nearly 14 000 in Phase 5. This figure is expected to double reaching a total of 1.31 million people in October–December 2021, if appropriate humanitarian action is not taken. Given the significant loss of livelihoods and reduced access to food for vulnerable households, providing them with seeds, tools and other essential inputs is key to recover agricultural activities to quickly produce food, generate income and strengthen their resilience.
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    Northern Ethiopia | Urgent call for assistance
    Tigray, Afar, Amhara
    2021
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    Northern Ethiopia is experiencing one of world's worst food crises. As of June 2021, about 5.5 million people in Afar, Amhara and Tigray are in high acute food insecurity, representing nearly 61 percent of the analyzed population. Of these, 353 000 people are in Catastrophe level of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 5) in Tigray alone, the highest numbers recorded in the last decade. Since November 2020, when the conflict erupted, 1.7 million people have been displaced across Tigray and into neighbouring regions. The conflict commenced at the peak of the main agricultural season (Meher) harvest period when many households had not yet harvested their crops. It is estimated over 90 percent of the crop harvest was lost (looted, burned and/or destroyed) and 15 percent of the region’s 17 million livestock were reported looted or slaughtered. Given that the majority of households depend on subsistence agriculture, the loss of their harvest and production inputs has had a devastating impact on their food security and nutrition – 2 million people require urgent livelihood assistance. In response to the dire situation, FAO has already reprogrammed USD 2 million to immediately support agropastoral and pastoral households with seeds and livestock vaccination and treatment, but more needs to be done. FAO has developed a response plan and requires USD 30 million to assist 1.4 million people in need through December 2021. A worsening crisis can be prevented if action is taken now at scale to provide vulnerable communities in northern Ethiopia with vital livelihood assistance.

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