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The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017

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    In Brief: The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 – SOFI 2017
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    A shorter version of the FAO flagship publication The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 (SOFI), the In Brief is aimed at the media, policy makers and a more general public. SOFI 2017 warns that the long-term declining trend in undernourishment seems to have come to a halt and may have in fact reversed, largely on account of the increased number of ongoing conflicts and the adverse impacts of climate change. Meanwhile, though progress continues to be made in reducing child malnutrition, overweight and obesity are a growing concern in most parts of the world. These and other findings are detailed in this year’s report, which for the first time is published by an expanded partnership, with UNICEF and WHO now joining FAO, IFAD and WFP.

    The following complementary information is available:

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    Book (series)
    The state of food insecurity in the world 2001 2001
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    Now in its third issue, The State of Food Insecurity in the World reports on global and national efforts to reach the goal set by the 1996 World Food Summit: to reduce by half the number of undernourished people in the world by the year 2015. The crafters of the Summit Plan of Action felt that great progress could be made towards this objective if countries could focus on the following three questions: Who are the food-insecure? Where are they located? Why are they food-insecure? These thr ee questions form the subject of the first section of this year's report. Entitled Undernourishment around the world, it provides FAO's most recent estimates of the prevalence of undernourishment and the absolute number of undernourished in 125 countries for the period 1997-99. The section "Assessing nutritional status and vulnerability" describes practical methods that have either been used in the past or are currently being developed in different countries to identify segments of the populatio n exhibiting physical signs of malnutrition and, subsequently, to analyse the livelihoods of the people concerned so as to address the income risks underlying their vulnerability. These patterns of hunger and vulnerability are greatly complicated by continuing severe national shocks from natural and human-induced disasters and from the ballooning menace of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The section of "The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2001, Action against undernutrition and poverty," provid es some illustrative answers to a fourth question: What can be done? Among the actions proposed are the more accurate targeting of food aid, and measures to improve access to clean water - both essential factors for assuring people the basic energy and health to participate in creating a better future for themselves.
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    Book (series)
    The State of Food Insecurity in the World (SOFI) 2015
    Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress
    This year´s annual State of Food Insecurity in the World report takes stock of progress made towards achieving the internationally established Millennium Development Goal (MDG1) and World Food Summit hunger targets and reflects on what needs to be done, as we transition to the new post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda. The report reviews progress made since 1990 for every country and region as well as for the world as a whole. Progress towards the MDG 1 target, however, is assessed not only by measuring undernourishment, or hunger, but also by a second indicator – the prevalence of underweight children under five years of age. Progress for the two indicators across regions and over time, is compared, providing insights into the complexity of food security. Overall progress notwithstanding, much work remains to be done to eradicate hunger and achieve food security across all its dimensions. The 2015 report not only estimates the progress already achieved, but also identifies r emaining problems, and provides guidance on which policies should be emphasized in the future. Key factors that have determined success to date towards food security and nutrition goals are identified. The list of factors – economic growth, agricultural productivity growth, markets (including international trade) and social protection – is by no means exhaustive. The report also shows how protracted crises, due to conflict or natural disasters, have deleterious effects on progress in hunger redu ction.

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