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Conservation and Development of Dual-Purpose Cattle Breeds in Eastern Europe - TCP/RER/3604







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    Booklet
    Breeding strategies for sustainable genetic improvement of Caucasian and Carpathian Brown cattle breeds 2020
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    The aim of FAO project TCP/RER/3604 was to elaborate breeding goals and plans for breeding and breed development of Caucasian Brown Cattle in Armenia and Georgia and Carpathian Brown Cattle in Ukraine. As a first step, information was collected about the breeds themselves and the environments in which they are kept. Approximately 300 phenotypic pure cows and 20 pure bulls were selected in each country, and phenotypic information was recorded. The assessments were carried out under the guidance of Tamas Szobolevszki, with support from each country’s national consultants and service providers. Genetic material was collected, genotyped, and used for a study on the genetic background of the breeds by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna (FAO/IAEA, 2019). At two workshops held with stakeholders involved in the breed development of Caucasian/Carpathian Brown Cattle, a concept of a breeding strategy was developed, taking circumstances for implementation into account. The overall goal of the strategy is to conserve Carpathian Brown Cattle and Caucasian Brown Cattle breeds by making use of the potential for improving the breeds genetically. As the population of the pure Caucasian Brown Cattle in Armenia and Georgia is about 70 000 and 160 000 cows, respectively, this document has developed a breeding program with the aim of increasing the genetic gain for Pure Caucasian Brown, according the breeding goal for the breed. For Carpathian Brown, whose population is estimated at fewer than 1 000, the aim is to develop an in situ conservation program.
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    Project
    Enhancing Cattle Production in Azerbaijan through Effective Cattle Breeding and Feeding Systems - UTF/AZE/010/AZE 2023
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    Improved and sustainable livestock production is a national priority for agricultural development in Azerbaijan, and animal breeding and feeding are necessary components of this. In this context, cattle is the most important component of the livestock sector in the country. A large number of households keeps cows, but there are very few professional farmers. The average dairy cattle breeding household has fewer than five cows, which are sustained under extensive systems and produce an average of 1 528 litresper cow per year and 150 kg of meat per adult cattle. The level of low productivity is mainly caused by poor quality of feed, absence of concentrates, and a lack of correct animal reproductive practices. In addition, pastures are not properly managed, the forage is of poor quality, while good quality silage is not produced due to insufficient knowledge and technology. Against this background, the main objective of the project was to improve cattle productivity by establishing appropriate breeding management and strengthening services for artificial insemination (AI) and feeding systems.
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    Document
    Cattle Breeding
    Better Farming Series, no. 11 (1977)
    1977
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    This manual is a translation and adaptation of "l'elevage des bovins," published the Agri-Service-Afrique of the lnstitut africain pour le developpement economique et social ( I NADES). This course prepares the farmer to understand how to feed and house cattle, how cattle reproduce and about meat and milk production.

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