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Enhancing Cattle Production in Azerbaijan through Effective Cattle Breeding and Feeding Systems - UTF/AZE/010/AZE








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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Workshop on Sharing Experiences on Cattle Breeding Activities Among Smallholders
    1-2 December 2022, Budapest, Hungary
    2023
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    Cattle breeding in Eastern Europe and Central Asia has a rich history, with indigenous breeds that have adapted to local conditions, enabling farmers to thrive in remote areas. However, the region's traditional cattle breeding practices are often inefficient and rely on outdated techniques. Small- and medium-scale producers dominate the industry, resulting in low production and poor animal health compared to more advanced countries. Challenges faced by the cattle breeding sector include outdated technologies and competition from neighboring countries with superior infrastructure. The need for modernization is evident to improve efficiency and competitiveness for farmers in the region. In response, the Animal Health and Production Strategy for the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia 2020–2025 was developed, emphasizing three pillars: animal health, animal production, and antimicrobial resistance. The strategy highlighted climate change, gender, and environmental sustainability as crucial factors in achieving sustainability. Cattle breeding emerged as a major concern in non-EU countries of Europe and Central Asia, where centralized breeding strategies and state support programs are inadequate. Farmers struggle to compete with EU-subsidized production. The absence of critical tools such as animal identification and traceability systems, performance recording, and artificial insemination or genetic conservation programs further hinder progress. To enhance the effectiveness of cattle breeding, governments should prioritize these essential tools and modernize the industry to meet the challenges posed by external competition and outdated practices.
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    Document
    Strengthening Rural Livelihoods through Improved Breeding Structures in Azerbaijan - TCP AZE 3502 2018
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    Cattle are the most important part of the livestock sector in Azerbaijan. Modern and well-managed processing facilities are therefore required in order to produce high-quality dairy products. Given the need for a regular supply of raw milk throughout the year and, which required farmers to improve the genetic quality of cows, the project aimed to improve breeding and service quality in the livestock sector through a better organized and high-quality system for delivering artificial insemination and animal production services to farms.
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    Booklet
    Breeding strategies for sustainable genetic improvement of Caucasian and Carpathian Brown cattle breeds 2020
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    The aim of FAO project TCP/RER/3604 was to elaborate breeding goals and plans for breeding and breed development of Caucasian Brown Cattle in Armenia and Georgia and Carpathian Brown Cattle in Ukraine. As a first step, information was collected about the breeds themselves and the environments in which they are kept. Approximately 300 phenotypic pure cows and 20 pure bulls were selected in each country, and phenotypic information was recorded. The assessments were carried out under the guidance of Tamas Szobolevszki, with support from each country’s national consultants and service providers. Genetic material was collected, genotyped, and used for a study on the genetic background of the breeds by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna (FAO/IAEA, 2019). At two workshops held with stakeholders involved in the breed development of Caucasian/Carpathian Brown Cattle, a concept of a breeding strategy was developed, taking circumstances for implementation into account. The overall goal of the strategy is to conserve Carpathian Brown Cattle and Caucasian Brown Cattle breeds by making use of the potential for improving the breeds genetically. As the population of the pure Caucasian Brown Cattle in Armenia and Georgia is about 70 000 and 160 000 cows, respectively, this document has developed a breeding program with the aim of increasing the genetic gain for Pure Caucasian Brown, according the breeding goal for the breed. For Carpathian Brown, whose population is estimated at fewer than 1 000, the aim is to develop an in situ conservation program.

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