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Emergency Preparedness and Response to Multiple Crises in Tajikistan - TCP/TAJ/3806








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    Project
    Preparedness and Emergency Response to Locust Infestations in the Kyrgyz Republic - TCP/KYR/3801 2022
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    Moroccan and Italian locusts periodically plague Kyrgyzstan, where approximately two thirds of the population depend on agriculture During outbreaks, these pests attack rangelands and crops, jeopardizing the livelihoods and food security of rural populations The main historical breeding areas of the Moroccan locust are located in the Fergana valley, at the junction of three Central Asian countries ¬ Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan ¬ with outbreak centres located in Kyrgyzstan, in foothill pastures and hills When ecological conditions are favourable for laying eggs, the resulting hopper bands and swarms cause important damage to crops and pastures not only in Kyrgyzstan but also in the two other neighbouring countries In recent years, locust infestations have been observed where they were not previously detected, and their distribution ranges are expanding, reaching high altitudes (over than 2 000 m above sea level) Scientists associate this with global climate change Forecasts for 2020 predicted a locust outbreak in Kyrgyzstan on an estimated area of 120 000 hectares, with the potential to cause disastrous crop losses and food insecurity in the country and in the Central Asia region These projections made pest control operations necessary to prevent vulnerable, small scale family farmers, who constitute over 90 percent of landowners in the three countries of the region, from losing their livelihoods and a potential food crisis.
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    Pakistan. Initial Floods Emergency Response Plan August 2010 2010
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    Over the course of July and early August 2010, Pakistan experienced the worst monsoon-related floods in living memory. Heavy rainfall, flash floods and riverine floods have devastated large parts of Pakistan since the arrival of seasonal monsoon rains on 22 July. Assessments of losses and damages are ongoing, but estimates place the number of affected people at more than 14 million. Over 1,200 people have died, and at least 288,000 homes have been damaged or destroyed. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Province, intense rains during the last week of July and in early August were compounded by the swelling of major rivers due to rainwater surging down from the highland areas. The Pakistan Meteorological Department reports that within one week in late July, KPK received 9,000 millimetres of rainfall - ten times as much as the province normally receives in the course of an entire year. Baluchistan, Pakistan-Administered Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan, also experienced extreme weather, resu lting in widespread losses and damages. As the flood waters began to slowly recede in the northern provinces, rivers continued to swell to unprecedented levels and travel southwards by way of the Indus River. By early August, flood waters breached the river bank in at least eight districts of Punjab, devastating homes, and crops and livestock. At least eight million people in Punjab have been affected by the disaster. The flood wave continues to make its way through the southern province o f Sindh, where millions more are expected to suffer from the combined impact of torrential rains and unprecedented water levels in the rivers. The Government, especially deploying the Armed Forces' logistical capacity, has led the response to the disaster with the deployment of preparedness, rescue and relief actions. Hundreds of thousands have been rescued or preventively evacuated from riverine areas. In light of the devastation caused by the floods and the ongoing threat to lives and live lihoods, the Government (through its National Disaster Management Authority) requested the United Nations agencies and the humanitarian community to prepare an initial floods emergency response plan. Response Plan Key Parameters Affected population 14 million people Baluchistan Federally Administered Tribal Areas Gilgit-Baltistan Affected areas Khyber Pakthunkhwa Pakistan-Administered Kashmir Punjab Sindh Food Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Key sectors for response Health Shelter/Non-Food Items Total funding requested $459 million While the Government of Pakistan (National Disaster Management Authority and the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities) will lead the relief and recovery activities in flood-affected areas, the humanitarian community has been asked to support the response by covering gaps where the needs exceed the government’s response capacity. This means that the humanitarian community will be assisting only a portion of the overall caseload of affected peopl e, focusing on the most severely affected. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) expects that critical needs of the severely affected families will include food, clean drinking water and purification materials, emergency health services, tents and shelter kits, cooking sets, mosquito nets, and other non-food items (NFI). Over the medium to long term, the food security situation in the country is likely to be affected by the significant loss of crops and agricultural land. Compounding the deli very of this aid will be the issue of access to areas where destroyed infrastructure has made it impossible for aid to reach people by road. In addition, the security situation in some of the affected areas – especially parts of KPK – remains unpredictable. Considering the size of the area hit by the floods, the number of people who will be found to need assistance is expected to rise as assessments continue and access improves. The combined population of the affected districts is around 43 m illion (out of a total estimated Pakistan population of 168 million). Currently, UN agencies, NGOs and the International Organization for Migration are planning to assist vulnerable flood-affected people in up to seven different geographical areas (Baluchistan, Punjab, Federally Administered Tribal Area, Gilgit Baltistan, KPK, Pakistan-Administered Kashmir, Sindh). The emergency response plan therefore seeks US$460 million1 to enable international partners (UN organizations and non-governme ntal organizations [NGOs]) to support the Government of Pakistan in addressing the needs of flood-affected families for the duration of the immediate relief period. The plan will be revised within 30 days to reflect assessed needs as the situation evolves and will include strategies for assisting people with early recovery from the floods.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Urgent call for assistance
    La Sourfrière volcano eruption
    2021
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    On 9 April 2021, La Soufrière volcano in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines erupted, with multiple explosions occurring over a period of several weeks, affecting most of the island’s population and displacing thousands due to the mandatory evacuation issued the day before. The effects of the disaster on the country’s main economic activities add to the already complex situation due to the largest wave of coronavirus disease 2019 in the country coupled with the worst outbreak of dengue fever in recent history in the region. Reports show extensive damage and losses in critical areas. Forests and farms have been wiped out, along with the destruction of large areas of staple crops and the loss of productive assets. In addition, recent heavy rains have caused both flooding and lahar flows across various parts of the country. This has severely disrupted the livelihoods of vulnerable populations who depend on agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry for their subsistence. In response, FAO is requesting USD 2.5 million to support 4 000 affected households through rapid recovery and rehabilitation activities to ultimately strengthen their resilience against multiple hazards and systemic risks, as well as complex emergencies affecting and threatening the entire food system.

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