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Selecting value chains for sustainable food value chain development

Guidelines










Walker, C., DeMatteis, L. and Lienert, A., eds. 2021. Selecting value chains for sustainable food value chain development – Guidelines. Rome, FAO. 




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    EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool for Value Chains
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    The Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Tool for Value Chains (EX-ACT VC) is a quantitative multi-appraisal tool that evaluates the sustainability of agrifood value chains simultaneously along several environmental, economic, and social dimensions. It analyses greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions along an agrifood value chain, from farm-gate-to-shelf, including GHG fluxes from processing and storage, to packaging and transportation; calculates a set of value-added indicators including gross production value, value-added, and net income; and estimates the number and nature of jobs created along the value chain. It also includes an estimation of food loss at each stage of the value chain; an assessment of gender and youth participation and an SDG tracker. The primary objective of EX-ACT VC is to provide decision support to design (ex-ante) and evaluate (ex-post) agrifood VC projects and policies by comparing a ‘current’ scenario with baseline information and a ‘planned’ scenario involving a future vision or goal (or implemented activities scenario in case of ex-post evaluations). EX-ACT VC helps users to quantify the sustainability performance of the selected value chain, identify the drivers of sustainability, understand how economic, social, and environmental dimensions are intertwined, and identify potential entry points for environmental and socioeconomic improvements along the selected value chain. The EX-ACT VC methodological guidelines aim at: 1) providing a comprehensive overview of the tool and helping users assess the sustainability of agrifood value chains across environmental, economic, and social dimensions using the tool; 2) describing the various methodological concepts underlying the tool to perform a value chain assessment and calculating several indicators of sustainability; 3) illustrating the structural layout of the tool, explaining data requirements, and providing step-by-step data entry guidance to perform a value chain assessment using EX-ACT VC; 4) discussing the different indicators the tool calculates and how they can be used for project and policy evaluation and design. These guidelines are intended to assist potential users of EX-ACT VC including policymakers, project managers, analysts, and researchers, among others.
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    Booklet
    Developing sustainable food value chains - Practical guidance for systems-based analysis and design
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    This brief outlines a rigorous and standardized approach for value chain analysis and design, taking a systems perspective to analyse and influence the behaviour and performance of value chain actors influenced by a complex environment. The brief also covers the design of upgrading strategies and associated development plans, based on the identification of root causes of value chain bottlenecks and using a participatory and multistakeholder approach. The brief is primarily based on FAO’s Sustainable Food Value Chain (SFVC) framework which promotes a systems-based development of agrifood value chains that are economically, socially and environmentally sustainable, as well as resilient to shocks and stressors. The end-product of the application of the methodology is a VC report with four components. The first two components, a functional analysis and a sustainability assessment, make up the VC analysis. The last two components, an upgrading strategy and a development plan, represent the VC design.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Value chains of mackerel scad and tuna-like species caught by the semi-industrial fishing fleet of Cabo Verde
    Summary report
    2024
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    This report was developed under the Korean-funded “Sustainable Fish Value Chains for Small Island Developing States” project. The project aims to contribute to economic growth, job creation, and food and nutrition security.This publication summarizes a much more detailed report focusing on the semi-industrial value chains of mackerel scad and tuna-like species in Cabo Verde. It reveals that the artisanal and semi-industrial fleets represent 97 percent of total catches. The semi-industrial fleet is concentrated mainly on Santiago, São Vicente, and São Nicolau islands, with the associated value chains generating almost 9110 direct jobs. Most landings of the target species are processed into canned products, which in turn make up most exports especially to the European Union. Theremainder, notably on other islands, supply the local market. The business environment is favourable, with ongoing improvements. The sustainability analysis contained in this publication assesses the economic performance, environmental impact, social aspects, and resilience to climate change. The report identifies strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats and formulates a 10-year upgrading strategy to achieve environmental sustainability, and socioeconomic development through improved financing and investment opportunities, and enhanced economic performance of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.

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