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Globally Important Agriculture Heritage System (GIAHS) Application : Integrated Agricultural System of Tri Hita Karana – Tri Mandala in Bali, Indonesia

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Initiative








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    Qanat Irrigated Agricultural Heritage Systems). Proposal for Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) of Kashan, Isfahan Province Islamic Republic of Iran
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2014
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    The most important agricultural systems such as Pomegranate, Pistachio, and Saffron farming systems are irrigated by Qanat. The geographical regions around the Central Desert of Iran which is also one of the most traditional agricultural areas have been using the Qanat technology for providing water for agriculture and human consumption for thousands of years. The Qanat Irrigation technology and related knowledge system have developed in Iran as early as 800 BC and the Kashan region is the land of one of the oldest human habitat in Iran and is also one of the origins of Persian agricultural civilization irrigated by Qanat system.
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    Traditional Dong’s Rice-Fish-Duck Agroecosystem in Southeast Guizhou, China. Proposal for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2010
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    As one of the outstanding representatives of Chinese traditional alpine agriculture, Rice-Fish-Duck Agro-ecosystem can date back to Eastern Han Dynasty. Within thousands of years, this farming practice has been handed down by minority communities of Guizhou, Hunan, and Guangxi Province, particularly by Dong people of Southwest Guizhou. This agro-ecosystem is an evolving result from co-evolution of human culture and natural environment, and it developed an extraordinary living model of sustainab le use of water and soil resources. Dong people in Southwest of Guizhou used to cultivating rice and simultaneously stocking fish and duck, which in nature is a kind of wisdom condensed by countless agricultural practice. Different in approaches but equally satisfactory in results, Traditional Dong’s Rice-Fish-Duck Agro-ecosystem and modern organic, vertical and ecological agriculture stand on the same footing in terms of sustainable produce concepts and techniques. They both stress importance t o high-efficiency, low toxicity and healthy food. Xianghe glutinous rice is one of those excellent products of Rice-Fish-Duck model. However, due to the influence of modern economic and societal change, traditional values gradually fade away, whist the excellent agricultural traditional culture confronted with threats and challenges from many aspects. Immediate action should be taken to conservation it. Values of this system need to be explored and assessed.
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    Korean Ginseng Agriculture System. Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS) Application
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2016
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    Korean Ginseng agriculture system, which contains 1500 years of experience and wisdom of wise men, is currently still being succeeded in the areas of Geumsan, Punggi(Yeongju), and Ganghwa areas. These places contain the history, culture and agriculture method of Korean Ginseng, and therefore suitable as the agriculture heritage.

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