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Support for Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agricultural Commodities and Services to Advance the Implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) - TCP/RAF/3708








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    Strengthening Food Security and Nutrition Policy and Institutional Framework and Food Safety and Control Capacity in the IGAD Sub-Region - TCP/SFE/3705 2022
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    Food insecurity and malnutrition remain a major public health and socioeconomic concern in Africa, particularly in Eastern Africa, which is home to more than half of the continent's undernourished population According to recent estimates, around 28 million people in the region are severely food insecure Fighting against hunger requires strong coordination and institutional capacity, as well as strong political commitment reflected in policy and investments However, the governments of the Horn of Africa suffer from poorly informed and coordinated food security policies and strategies, and from a lack of capacity to address the food and nutrition security poverty migration nexus and to maximize cross sectoral synergies International trade has historically had a favourable impact on food security by connecting areas with low agricultural potential and high population density to areas with agricultural comparative advantages, while also expanding access to a wider range of nutritious food commodities This is reflected in the Framework for Increasing Intra African Trade in Agricultural Goods and Services, which is based on the fifth commitment of the 2014 Malabo Declaration, that aims to triple intra African agricultural trade and services by 2025 Increased trade can contribute to developing long term jobs, income, and livelihoods, as well as strengthening agricultural production and food security on the continent.
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    Framework for boosting intra-African trade in agricultural commodities and services 2021
    The African agricultural and food market is expanding quickly as indicated by World Bank projections that show that the value of Africa’s agriculture and agribusiness industry is expected to more than triple to reach USD 1 trillion by 2030, compared to 2010 (World Bank, 2013). This provides an opportunity to not only boost trade in food and non-food agricultural commodities and services within the continent but also enhance food security in Africa. Regional integration is also gaining momentum as evidenced by progress in the creation of customs unions and the initial steps in setting up a common external tariff at the regional level in a number of regional economic communities (RECs) such as the East African Community (EAC) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) further reinforces the gains achieved in regional integration and opens new market opportunities for farmers and other economic operators. It has been shown that the export of higher value-added products made in Africa is greater in regional markets than in external markets outside Africa, which are typically dominated by raw material exports. However, more than a decade after the adoption of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) in Maputo in 2003 by the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) in response to the stagnation of African agriculture, Africa continues to remain a marginal player, accounting for only 2.7 percent of world trade in goods and 5 percent of world agricultural trade (Bouët and Odjo, 2019). These figures are likely to trend downwards significantly in the near term due to the economic shock caused by the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. The continent currently depends to a significant degree on extra-African sources for imports of food and agricultural products. The share of intra-African agricultural trade has been consistently below 20 percent in recent decades (Bouët and Odjo, 2019; AGRA, 2019). Comparable figures for intraregional agricultural trade are higher for Asia and Europe (more than 60 percent).
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    Strengthening Capacities of Parliamentarians in Africa for an Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition Including the Right to Adequate Food - TCP/RAF/3612 2020
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    Despite remarkable progress in some sub-regions and countries, the overall situation of food security and nutrition (FSN) in Africa continues to lag behind global trends. Approximately one out of four persons in Sub-Saharan Africa and one out of five on the continent were estimated to be undernourished in 2015. Although the overall prevalence of hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa fell by 30 percent between 1990-1992 and 2015 in absolute numbers, undernourishment increased over the same period and the progress made in tackling hunger did not translate into improved nutrition. The region is not on course to meet most World Health Assembly nutrition targets for the next decade. In 2014 the Malabo Declaration committed African leaders to reducing stunting to 10 percent in Africa by 2025, with the aim of eliminating hunger in Africa in the next decade. The Africa Regional Nutrition Strategy 2015-2025 outlines the specific role of the African Union Commission (AUC) in the elimination of hunger and malnutrition. Evidence has shown that the most effective FSN policies and frameworks are those anchored in legislation. Although the right to adequate food is explicitly expressed in seven national Constitutions in Africa, and implicitly in a further 18, there remains the need to address structural challenges and create an enabling environment for FSN. Given their legislative, budgetary and policy oversight roles, parliamentarians are critical partners in the fight to eradicate poverty and malnutrition. In May 2016, at the Fourth Ordinary Session of the Second Pan-African Parliament over 100 parliamentarians from across Africa

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