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Promoting Nutrition-Sensitive Food Systems through a Multistakeholder Approach - GCP/GLO/712/JPN









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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Project: Strengthening capacities for nutrition-sensitive food systems through a multi-stakeholder approach
    Engaging with the private sector, civil society organizations and academia
    2019
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    Eliminating malnutrition in all its forms is imperative to break intergenerational cycles of poverty. It is also crucial if the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be met by 2030. To ensure that food systems are conducive to healthy diets and better nutrition, the knowledge base and capacities of key stakeholders must be strengthened. This applies particularly to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the agri-food sector and students, who can act as agents of change. To this end, with the support of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan (MAFF), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is training representatives of SMEs and university students in Africa and Asia. The training is given through local universities and facilities of the private sector, with the Japanese private sector providing technical expertise. The project is implemented in collaboration with the Governments of Ghana, Kenya and Vietnam.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Making extension and advisory services nutrition-sensitive
    The link between agriculture and human nutrition
    2021
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    Human nutrition is vital for agriculture. Many smallholder farmers are food-insecure and suffer chronic or acute forms of malnutrition. This can permanently harm the physical and cognitive growth of children, while reducing productivity as household members are less able to carry out agricultural work. Agriculture is vital for human nutrition. Nutrition has long been considered mostly a health issue. However, agriculture plays an essential role in ensuring nutritional wellbeing not only for rural populations, but also for society as a whole. Beyond producing food in sufficient quantity, agri-food systems should also:
    • provide diversified, safe and nutritious foods;
    • improve rural incomes and resilience, and thus enhance access to healthy diets;
    • make foods that contribute to healthy diets available and accessible at national and sub-national levels.
    To this end, we must build the capacities of farmers, agriculture extensionists, consumers and others, encourage innovation, investments and enabling policies, and address gender issues. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture (NSA) uses a food-based approach to agricultural development to make the global food system produce better nutritional outcomes.
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    Document
    The Role of Forests, Trees and Wild Biodiversity for Nutrition-Sensitive Food Systems and Landscapes 2013
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    Many contend that in order to overcome the world’s nutrition problems, nutrition must become a crosscutting issue, with concrete commitment and attention from a wide range of disciplines. From this assertion has grown the promotion of nutrition-sensitive approaches to economic growth, development, agriculture and food systems (nutrition-specific interventions target malnutrition directly, whereas nutrition-sensitive interventions target the causes of malnutrition by integrating nutrition into po licies and programs in diverse sectors). There have been repeated calls for the international community to prioritize identification ways to leverage agriculture (and agricultural landscapes) to enhance nutrition (and health). Land use change is an often overlooked driver of change in diets, nutrition and food security, especially for rural communities. The synergies between food systems approaches to food security and nutrition and landscape approaches to integrated biodiversity and forest cons ervation should be explored and built on. Forests and trees support food security and nutrition in a number of ways. Forests and wild biodiversity provide nutritionally important foods (including fruits, vegetables, bush meat, fish and insects), that contribute to the diversity and nutritional quality of diets of people living in heterogeneous landscapes. Forests and trees provide fuelwood, an essential and often overlooked component of the food systems in rural areas across the globe. Forests a nd tree products make invaluable contributions to the income of people living in and around them, often providing the only means of accessing the cash economy, thus enabling access to nutritious foods through purchasing. Forests also sustain resilience: forest products are often consumed more frequently in times of food scarcity and can provide livelihood safety nets. When they reach markets, forest and tree products can contribute to the nutrition-sensitivity of global food systems (approximate ly 53% of the fruit available for consumption globally is produced by trees), especially when market chains are supported and developed in a nutrition-sensitive manner. Biodiversity, forests and trees outside forests also provide an array of ecosystem services essential for the sustainability and nutriton-senstivity of agricultural systems (e.g. pollination, water provisioning, genetic resources). A better understanding of the importance of these relationships, and the spatial scales at which th ey function, is needed to ensure they are not overlooked in policy and practice.

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